Embodied musicality of infant intersubjectivity in learning and teaching

Stephen Malloch, Jonathan Delafield-Butt, Colwyn Trevarthen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


We are animals motivated to explore with energetic curiosity, to move towards people and objects with hopeful expectation, and to move away with fear when the possibility of harm is anticipated. We interact with trusted companions, enjoying play, testing boundaries in the safety of supportive and caring relationships (Panksepp and Trevarthen 2009; Trevarthen and Delafield-Butt 2015). Our consciousness is the ongoing creation of self-awareness in a coherent system of rhythmic brain activity, generating knowledge as we engage with the world, and applying our learnings from the ways we manipulated it for curiosity and pleasure (Trevarthen and Delafield-Butt 2017). An act of thinking represents movement, of body parts or of objects and people, represented as perceptions and ideas in the mind of a single agent (Llinás 2001).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Teacher Education
Place of PublicationSingapore
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9789811311796
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameEncyclopedia of Teacher Education
PublisherSpringer Nature


  • embodied
  • musicality
  • infant intersubjectivity
  • learning and teaching


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