Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current

Benjamin S Halpern, Catherine Longo, Karen L McLeod, Roger Cooke, Baruch Fischhoff, Jameal F Samhouri, Courtney Scarborough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As resource management efforts move towards more comprehensive approaches that span multiple sectors and stakeholder groups, decision makers are faced with the challenge of deciding how important each group is, and how much weight their concerns should have, when making decisions. These decisions must be made transparently if they are to have credibility. This paper describes a systematic approach to eliciting such preferences, illustrated through a regional application of the Ocean Health Index in the California Current. The Index provides an ideal case study as it includes a comprehensive set of goals designed to assess the benefits people derive from coasts and oceans. The approach leverages the strengths of two different methods for eliciting preferences, one based on random utility theory and the other on analytical deliberative methodologies. Results showed that the methods were accessible to individuals with diverse backgrounds and, in this case, revealed surprising consensus about fundamental values that may have been missed in deliberations around a specific action, rather than evaluating a spectrum of management priorities. Specifically, individuals, even extractive users, assigned higher weights to cultural and conservation goals compared to extractive ones. The approach offers a general procedure for eliciting explicit preferences through constructive deliberations among diverse stakeholders.
LanguageEnglish
Pages68-73
Number of pages6
JournalMarine Policy
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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oceans
deliberation
stakeholders
ocean
health
stakeholder
utility theory
group decision
resource management
management
credibility
decision maker
decision making
conservation
methodology
case studies
coasts
resources
Health
Values

Keywords

  • expert judgment
  • probabilistic inversion
  • deliberative analytical
  • marine spatial planning
  • ecosystem-based management

Cite this

Halpern, B. S., Longo, C., McLeod, K. L., Cooke, R., Fischhoff, B., Samhouri, J. F., & Scarborough, C. (2013). Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current. Marine Policy, 42, 68-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.01.019
Halpern, Benjamin S ; Longo, Catherine ; McLeod, Karen L ; Cooke, Roger ; Fischhoff, Baruch ; Samhouri, Jameal F ; Scarborough, Courtney. / Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current. In: Marine Policy. 2013 ; Vol. 42. pp. 68-73.
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Halpern, BS, Longo, C, McLeod, KL, Cooke, R, Fischhoff, B, Samhouri, JF & Scarborough, C 2013, 'Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current' Marine Policy, vol. 42, pp. 68-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.01.019

Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current. / Halpern, Benjamin S; Longo, Catherine; McLeod, Karen L; Cooke, Roger; Fischhoff, Baruch; Samhouri, Jameal F; Scarborough, Courtney.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 42, 11.2013, p. 68-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Halpern BS, Longo C, McLeod KL, Cooke R, Fischhoff B, Samhouri JF et al. Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current. Marine Policy. 2013 Nov;42:68-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.01.019