Electron acceleration by wave turbulence in a magnetized plasma

A. Rigby, F. Cruz, B. Albertazzi, R. Bamford, A. R. Bell, J. E. Cross, F. Fraschetti, P. Graham, Y. Hara, P. M. Kozlowski, Y. Kuramitsu, D. Q. Lamb, S. Lebedev, J. R. Marques, F. Miniati, T. Morita, M. Oliver, B. Reville, Y. Sakawa, S. SarkarC. Spindloe, R. Trines, P. Tzeferacos, L. O. Silva, R. Bingham, M. Koenig, G. Gregori

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Astrophysical shocks are commonly revealed by the non-thermal emission of energetic electrons accelerated in situ1–3. Strong shocks are expected to accelerate particles to very high energies4–6; however, they require a source of particles with velocities fast enough to permit multiple shock crossings. While the resulting diffusive shock acceleration4 process can account for observations, the kinetic physics regulating the continuous injection of non-thermal particles is not well understood. Indeed, this injection problem is particularly acute for electrons, which rely on high-frequency plasma fluctuations to raise them above the thermal pool7,8. Here we show, using laboratory laser-produced shock experiments, that, in the presence of a strong magnetic field, significant electron pre-heating is achieved. We demonstrate that the key mechanism in producing these energetic electrons is through the generation of lower-hybrid turbulence via shock-reflected ions. Our experimental results are analogous to many astrophysical systems, including the interaction of a comet with the solar wind9, a setting where electron acceleration via lower-hybrid waves is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475–479
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Early online date12 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2018


  • astrophysical shocks
  • electrons
  • acceleration
  • lower-hybrid waves

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