Electroforming in the Industry 4.0 era

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


In the Industry 4.0 Era big data and automation will require precise knowledge that allows one to control, monitor and predict a process. Electroforming, which is the fabrication of free-standing components using electrodeposition, is rapidly gaining acceptance as a sustainable additive manufacturing technology. However, current knowledge of electroforming is based on empirical data, and academic engagement in this area has been limited. This paper throws light on some of the complex issues surrounding the electrochemical and chemical behaviour during electroforming which are yet unresolved. The differences between cathodic reactions in sulphamates and sulphates, ambiguities related to the role of boric acid, and paucity of data on anode reactions are highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Electrochemistry
Early online date9 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2020


  • Industry 4.0
  • electrodeposition
  • electroplating
  • electroforming
  • nickel
  • anodic reactions
  • boric acid


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