Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia based on doped-ceria-carbonate composite electrolyte and perovskite cathode

Ibrahim A. Amar, Christophe T. G. Petit, Lei Zhang, Rong Lan, Shanwen Tao, Peter Skabara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia was investigated using a cobalt-free La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Cu0.2O3-delta-Ce-0.8-sm(0.2)O(2-delta) (LSFCu-SDC) composite cathode and SDC-ternary carbonate composite electrolyte. La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8-Cu0.2O3-delta and Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta were prepared via combined EDTA-citrate complexing sol gel and glycine nitrate processes, respectively, and characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Ammonia was successfully synthesised from wet hydrogen and dry nitrogen under atmospheric pressure using Ni-SDC, SDC-carbonate and LSFCu-SDC composites as anode, electrolyte and cathode respectively. Ammonia formation was observed at 400, 425, 450 and 475 degrees C and the maximum rate of ammonia production was found to be 5.39 x 10(-9) mol s(-1) cm(-2) at 450 degrees C and 0.8 V. The AC impedance measurements were recorded before and after the ammonia synthesis in the range of temperature 400-475 degrees C. The formation of ammonia at the N-2 side together with stable current at 450 degrees C under constant voltage demonstrates that SDC-(Li/Na/K)(2)CO3 composite electrolyte exhibits significant proton conduction at a temperature around 450 degrees C. (C) 2011 Elsevier BM. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume201
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • solid state ionics
  • ammonia
  • doped-ceria-carbonate
  • electrolyte
  • perovskite cathode
  • TIC - Bionanotechnology

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