Electro-thermal analysis of power converter components in low-voltage DC microgrids for optimal protection system design

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Abstract

Bidirectional power converters are considered to be key elements in interfacing the low voltage dc microgrid with an ac grid. However to date there has been no clear procedure to determine the maximum permissible fault isolation periods of the power converter components against the dc faults. To tackle this problem, this paper presents an electro-thermal analysis of the main elements of a converter: ac inductors, dc capacitors and semiconductors. In doing this, the paper provides a methodology for quantifying fault protection requirements for power converter components in future dc microgrids. The analysis is performed through simulations during normal and fault conditions of a low voltage dc microgrid. The paper develops dynamic electro-thermal models of components based on the design and detailed specification from manufacturer datasheets. The simulations show the impact of different protection system operating speeds on the required converter rating for the studied conditions. This is then translated into actual cost of converter equipment. In this manner, the results can be used to determine the required fault protection operating requirements, coordinated with cost penalties for uprating the converter components.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Early online date24 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

Power converters
Thermoanalysis
Systems analysis
Electric potential
Costs
Capacitors
Semiconductor materials
Specifications

Keywords

  • microgrid
  • DC fault current
  • AC-DC power conversion
  • thermal design
  • power semiconductor diode switches
  • thermal stress
  • fault protection requirements
  • low-voltage
  • protection system design

Cite this

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title = "Electro-thermal analysis of power converter components in low-voltage DC microgrids for optimal protection system design",
abstract = "Bidirectional power converters are considered to be key elements in interfacing the low voltage dc microgrid with an ac grid. However to date there has been no clear procedure to determine the maximum permissible fault isolation periods of the power converter components against the dc faults. To tackle this problem, this paper presents an electro-thermal analysis of the main elements of a converter: ac inductors, dc capacitors and semiconductors. In doing this, the paper provides a methodology for quantifying fault protection requirements for power converter components in future dc microgrids. The analysis is performed through simulations during normal and fault conditions of a low voltage dc microgrid. The paper develops dynamic electro-thermal models of components based on the design and detailed specification from manufacturer datasheets. The simulations show the impact of different protection system operating speeds on the required converter rating for the studied conditions. This is then translated into actual cost of converter equipment. In this manner, the results can be used to determine the required fault protection operating requirements, coordinated with cost penalties for uprating the converter components.",
keywords = "microgrid, DC fault current, AC-DC power conversion, thermal design, power semiconductor diode switches, thermal stress, fault protection requirements, low-voltage, protection system design",
author = "Michal Sztykiel and Steven Fletcher and Patrick Norman and Stuart Galloway and Graeme Burt",
note = "(c) 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.",
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AU - Galloway, Stuart

AU - Burt, Graeme

N1 - (c) 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

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N2 - Bidirectional power converters are considered to be key elements in interfacing the low voltage dc microgrid with an ac grid. However to date there has been no clear procedure to determine the maximum permissible fault isolation periods of the power converter components against the dc faults. To tackle this problem, this paper presents an electro-thermal analysis of the main elements of a converter: ac inductors, dc capacitors and semiconductors. In doing this, the paper provides a methodology for quantifying fault protection requirements for power converter components in future dc microgrids. The analysis is performed through simulations during normal and fault conditions of a low voltage dc microgrid. The paper develops dynamic electro-thermal models of components based on the design and detailed specification from manufacturer datasheets. The simulations show the impact of different protection system operating speeds on the required converter rating for the studied conditions. This is then translated into actual cost of converter equipment. In this manner, the results can be used to determine the required fault protection operating requirements, coordinated with cost penalties for uprating the converter components.

AB - Bidirectional power converters are considered to be key elements in interfacing the low voltage dc microgrid with an ac grid. However to date there has been no clear procedure to determine the maximum permissible fault isolation periods of the power converter components against the dc faults. To tackle this problem, this paper presents an electro-thermal analysis of the main elements of a converter: ac inductors, dc capacitors and semiconductors. In doing this, the paper provides a methodology for quantifying fault protection requirements for power converter components in future dc microgrids. The analysis is performed through simulations during normal and fault conditions of a low voltage dc microgrid. The paper develops dynamic electro-thermal models of components based on the design and detailed specification from manufacturer datasheets. The simulations show the impact of different protection system operating speeds on the required converter rating for the studied conditions. This is then translated into actual cost of converter equipment. In this manner, the results can be used to determine the required fault protection operating requirements, coordinated with cost penalties for uprating the converter components.

KW - microgrid

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KW - AC-DC power conversion

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KW - power semiconductor diode switches

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