Efficient bright γ-ray vortex emission from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target

Hao Zhang, Jie Zhao, Yanting Hu, Qianni Li, Yu Lu, Yue Cao, Debin Zou, Zhengming Sheng, Francesco Pegoraro, Paul McKenna, Fuqiu Shao, Tongpu Yu

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Abstract

X/ γ -ray have many potential applications in laboratory astrophysics and particle physics. Although several methods have been proposed for generating electron, positron and X/ γ -photon beams with angular momentum (AM), the generation of an ultra-intense brilliant γ -ray is still challenging. Here, we present an all-optical scheme to generate a high energy γ -photon beam with large beam angular momentum (BAM), small divergence, and high brilliance. In the first stage, a circularly-polarized laser pulse with intensity of W/cm irradiates a micro-channel target, drags out electrons from the channel wall and accelerates them to high energies via the longitudinal electric fields. During the process, the laser transfers its spin angular momentum (SAM) to the electrons' orbital angular momentum (OAM). In the second stage, the drive pulse is reflected by the attached fan-foil and a vortex laser pulse is thus formed. In the third stage, the energetic electrons collide head-on with the reflected vortex pulse and transfer their AM to the -photons via nonlinear Compton scattering. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations show that the peak brilliance of the γ -ray beam is ~ 10 22 photons/s/mm2/mrad2 /0.1% BW at 1 MeV with a peak instantaneous power of 25 TW and averaged BAM of 10δћ /photon. The angular momentum conversion efficiency from laser to the γ -photons is unprecedentedly 0.67
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages24
JournalHigh Power Laser Science and Engineering
Early online date27 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 May 2021

Keywords

  • laser plasma interaction
  • gamma rays
  • astrophysics

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