Efficient, 0.35-THz overmoded oscillator based on a two-dimensional periodic surface lattice

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We present the theory, design, and numerical modeling of a cylindrical, two-dimensional periodic surface lattice (2D-PSL) intended for use as the interaction region of an electron beam-driven, pulsed source. The production of 1.95-MW peak, pulsed 0.35-THz radiation with an electronic efficiency of 24% is reported. Mode selection in the oversized cavity, where the diameter D is almost 3.5 × larger than the operating wavelength λ , is achieved by coupling volume and surface fields to form a coupled cavity eigenmode. We demonstrate the advantages (including enhanced output power and improved spectral purity) of using a 2D-PSL over a simpler 1-D structure. The cylindrical D/λ∼3.5 2D-PSL demonstrates the “proof-of-principle” high-order mode coupling with the potential to increase D/λ to values of 20 or more for the realization of CW 2D-PSL sources or very powerful pulsed sources. The theory is applicable over a broad frequency range.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6342-6347
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number11
Early online date10 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022


  • Cherenkov
  • electron beam
  • mm-wave
  • mode coupling
  • periodic structure
  • radiation source
  • Terahertz


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