Efficacy, political

Thomas J. Scotto, Carla Xena

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)


Since Campbell et al. (1954) first defined political efficacy, numerous studies emerged placing emphasis on: (1) the theoretical relevance of the concept for the functioning of liberal democracies; (2) its relationship with other political attitudes and behaviors, and (3) the (unresolved) controversy around its measurement. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the nature and evolution of the literature on political efficacy by presenting how disciplines such as political science, sociology, communication and media studies and psychology tackle these questions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2015


  • external political efficacy
  • internal political efficacy
  • measurement
  • media effects
  • political cynicism
  • political efficacy
  • political trust
  • reciprocal relationships
  • subjective competence
  • survey items
  • system responsiveness
  • voting and campaigning

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