Effects of type-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion and islet phosphodiesterase activity

R Shafiee-Nick, N J Pyne, B L Furman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

1. We examined various type-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion from rat isolated islets, on islet PDE activity and on islet cyclic AMP accumulation in order to assess the relationship between type-selective PDE inhibition and modification of insulin release. 2. The non-selective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX, 10(-5)-10(-3) M), as well as the type III selective PDE inhibitors SK&F 94836 (10(-5)-10(-3) M), Org 9935 (10(-7)-10(-4) M), SK&F 94120 (10(-5)-10(-4) M) and ICI 118233 (10(-6)-10(-4) M) each caused concentration-dependent augmentation (up to 40% increase) of insulin release in the presence of a stimulatory glucose concentration (10 mM), but not in the presence of 3 mM glucose. 3. Neither the type IV PDE inhibitor rolipram (10(-4) M) nor the type I and type V PDE inhibitor, zaprinast (10(-4)-10(-3) M) modified glucose-induced insulin release when incubated with islets, although a higher concentration of rolipram (10(-3) M) inhibited secretion by 55%. However, when islets were preincubated with these drugs followed by incubation in their continued presence, zaprinast (10(-6)-10(-4) M) produced a concentration-dependent inhibition (up to 45% at 10(-4) M). Under these conditions, rolipram inhibited insulin secretion at a lower concentration (10(-4) M) than when simply incubated with islets. 4. A combination of SK&F 94836 (10(-5) M) and forskolin (5 x 10(-8) M) significantly augmented glucose-induced insulin secretion (30% increase), although neither drug alone, in these concentrations, produced any significant effect. 5. Islet cyclic AMP levels, which were not modified by forskolin (10-6 M), SK&F 94836 (10-4 M) or Org 9935 (10-5 M) were significantly elevated (approximately 3.7 fold increase) by forskolin inc ombination with either SK&F 94836 or Org 9935.6 Homogenates of rat islets showed a low Km (1.7 microM) and high Km (13 microM) cyclic AMP PDE in the supernatant fractions (from 48,000 g centrifugation), whereas the particulate fraction showed only a low Km (1.4 microM) cyclic AMP PDE activity.7. The PDE activity of both supernatant and pellet fractions were consistently inhibited by SK&F94836 or Org 9935, the concentrations required to reduce particulate PDE activity by 50% being 5.5 and 0.05 microM respectively.8 Rolipram (10-5 10-4 M) did not consistently inhibit PDE activity in homogenates of rat islets and zaprinast (10-4 M) consistently inhibited activity by 30% in the supernatant fraction, but not consistently in the pellet.9 These data are consistent with the presence of a type III PDE in rat islets of Langerhans.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1486-1492
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume115
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Rolipram
Insulin
Glucose
Cyclic AMP
Colforsin
1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
Type 3 Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases
Centrifugation
Islets of Langerhans
Pharmaceutical Preparations
zaprinast
Org 9935

Keywords

  • 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
  • 3',5'-cyclic-AMP phosphodiesterases
  • analysis of variance
  • cyclic amp
  • dose-response relationship, Drug
  • drug interactions
  • Forskolin
  • glucose
  • guanidines
  • insulin
  • islets of langerhans
  • isoenzymes
  • phosphodiesterase inhibitors
  • phosphoric diester hydrolases
  • purinones
  • pyrazines
  • pyridazines
  • pyrrolidinones
  • rolipram
  • thiophenes

Cite this

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title = "Effects of type-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion and islet phosphodiesterase activity",
abstract = "1. We examined various type-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion from rat isolated islets, on islet PDE activity and on islet cyclic AMP accumulation in order to assess the relationship between type-selective PDE inhibition and modification of insulin release. 2. The non-selective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX, 10(-5)-10(-3) M), as well as the type III selective PDE inhibitors SK&F 94836 (10(-5)-10(-3) M), Org 9935 (10(-7)-10(-4) M), SK&F 94120 (10(-5)-10(-4) M) and ICI 118233 (10(-6)-10(-4) M) each caused concentration-dependent augmentation (up to 40{\%} increase) of insulin release in the presence of a stimulatory glucose concentration (10 mM), but not in the presence of 3 mM glucose. 3. Neither the type IV PDE inhibitor rolipram (10(-4) M) nor the type I and type V PDE inhibitor, zaprinast (10(-4)-10(-3) M) modified glucose-induced insulin release when incubated with islets, although a higher concentration of rolipram (10(-3) M) inhibited secretion by 55{\%}. However, when islets were preincubated with these drugs followed by incubation in their continued presence, zaprinast (10(-6)-10(-4) M) produced a concentration-dependent inhibition (up to 45{\%} at 10(-4) M). Under these conditions, rolipram inhibited insulin secretion at a lower concentration (10(-4) M) than when simply incubated with islets. 4. A combination of SK&F 94836 (10(-5) M) and forskolin (5 x 10(-8) M) significantly augmented glucose-induced insulin secretion (30{\%} increase), although neither drug alone, in these concentrations, produced any significant effect. 5. Islet cyclic AMP levels, which were not modified by forskolin (10-6 M), SK&F 94836 (10-4 M) or Org 9935 (10-5 M) were significantly elevated (approximately 3.7 fold increase) by forskolin inc ombination with either SK&F 94836 or Org 9935.6 Homogenates of rat islets showed a low Km (1.7 microM) and high Km (13 microM) cyclic AMP PDE in the supernatant fractions (from 48,000 g centrifugation), whereas the particulate fraction showed only a low Km (1.4 microM) cyclic AMP PDE activity.7. The PDE activity of both supernatant and pellet fractions were consistently inhibited by SK&F94836 or Org 9935, the concentrations required to reduce particulate PDE activity by 50{\%} being 5.5 and 0.05 microM respectively.8 Rolipram (10-5 10-4 M) did not consistently inhibit PDE activity in homogenates of rat islets and zaprinast (10-4 M) consistently inhibited activity by 30{\%} in the supernatant fraction, but not consistently in the pellet.9 These data are consistent with the presence of a type III PDE in rat islets of Langerhans.",
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author = "R Shafiee-Nick and Pyne, {N J} and Furman, {B L}",
year = "1995",
language = "English",
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}

Effects of type-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion and islet phosphodiesterase activity. / Shafiee-Nick, R; Pyne, N J; Furman, B L.

In: British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 115, No. 8, 1995, p. 1486-1492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of type-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion and islet phosphodiesterase activity

AU - Shafiee-Nick, R

AU - Pyne, N J

AU - Furman, B L

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - 1. We examined various type-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion from rat isolated islets, on islet PDE activity and on islet cyclic AMP accumulation in order to assess the relationship between type-selective PDE inhibition and modification of insulin release. 2. The non-selective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX, 10(-5)-10(-3) M), as well as the type III selective PDE inhibitors SK&F 94836 (10(-5)-10(-3) M), Org 9935 (10(-7)-10(-4) M), SK&F 94120 (10(-5)-10(-4) M) and ICI 118233 (10(-6)-10(-4) M) each caused concentration-dependent augmentation (up to 40% increase) of insulin release in the presence of a stimulatory glucose concentration (10 mM), but not in the presence of 3 mM glucose. 3. Neither the type IV PDE inhibitor rolipram (10(-4) M) nor the type I and type V PDE inhibitor, zaprinast (10(-4)-10(-3) M) modified glucose-induced insulin release when incubated with islets, although a higher concentration of rolipram (10(-3) M) inhibited secretion by 55%. However, when islets were preincubated with these drugs followed by incubation in their continued presence, zaprinast (10(-6)-10(-4) M) produced a concentration-dependent inhibition (up to 45% at 10(-4) M). Under these conditions, rolipram inhibited insulin secretion at a lower concentration (10(-4) M) than when simply incubated with islets. 4. A combination of SK&F 94836 (10(-5) M) and forskolin (5 x 10(-8) M) significantly augmented glucose-induced insulin secretion (30% increase), although neither drug alone, in these concentrations, produced any significant effect. 5. Islet cyclic AMP levels, which were not modified by forskolin (10-6 M), SK&F 94836 (10-4 M) or Org 9935 (10-5 M) were significantly elevated (approximately 3.7 fold increase) by forskolin inc ombination with either SK&F 94836 or Org 9935.6 Homogenates of rat islets showed a low Km (1.7 microM) and high Km (13 microM) cyclic AMP PDE in the supernatant fractions (from 48,000 g centrifugation), whereas the particulate fraction showed only a low Km (1.4 microM) cyclic AMP PDE activity.7. The PDE activity of both supernatant and pellet fractions were consistently inhibited by SK&F94836 or Org 9935, the concentrations required to reduce particulate PDE activity by 50% being 5.5 and 0.05 microM respectively.8 Rolipram (10-5 10-4 M) did not consistently inhibit PDE activity in homogenates of rat islets and zaprinast (10-4 M) consistently inhibited activity by 30% in the supernatant fraction, but not consistently in the pellet.9 These data are consistent with the presence of a type III PDE in rat islets of Langerhans.

AB - 1. We examined various type-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion from rat isolated islets, on islet PDE activity and on islet cyclic AMP accumulation in order to assess the relationship between type-selective PDE inhibition and modification of insulin release. 2. The non-selective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX, 10(-5)-10(-3) M), as well as the type III selective PDE inhibitors SK&F 94836 (10(-5)-10(-3) M), Org 9935 (10(-7)-10(-4) M), SK&F 94120 (10(-5)-10(-4) M) and ICI 118233 (10(-6)-10(-4) M) each caused concentration-dependent augmentation (up to 40% increase) of insulin release in the presence of a stimulatory glucose concentration (10 mM), but not in the presence of 3 mM glucose. 3. Neither the type IV PDE inhibitor rolipram (10(-4) M) nor the type I and type V PDE inhibitor, zaprinast (10(-4)-10(-3) M) modified glucose-induced insulin release when incubated with islets, although a higher concentration of rolipram (10(-3) M) inhibited secretion by 55%. However, when islets were preincubated with these drugs followed by incubation in their continued presence, zaprinast (10(-6)-10(-4) M) produced a concentration-dependent inhibition (up to 45% at 10(-4) M). Under these conditions, rolipram inhibited insulin secretion at a lower concentration (10(-4) M) than when simply incubated with islets. 4. A combination of SK&F 94836 (10(-5) M) and forskolin (5 x 10(-8) M) significantly augmented glucose-induced insulin secretion (30% increase), although neither drug alone, in these concentrations, produced any significant effect. 5. Islet cyclic AMP levels, which were not modified by forskolin (10-6 M), SK&F 94836 (10-4 M) or Org 9935 (10-5 M) were significantly elevated (approximately 3.7 fold increase) by forskolin inc ombination with either SK&F 94836 or Org 9935.6 Homogenates of rat islets showed a low Km (1.7 microM) and high Km (13 microM) cyclic AMP PDE in the supernatant fractions (from 48,000 g centrifugation), whereas the particulate fraction showed only a low Km (1.4 microM) cyclic AMP PDE activity.7. The PDE activity of both supernatant and pellet fractions were consistently inhibited by SK&F94836 or Org 9935, the concentrations required to reduce particulate PDE activity by 50% being 5.5 and 0.05 microM respectively.8 Rolipram (10-5 10-4 M) did not consistently inhibit PDE activity in homogenates of rat islets and zaprinast (10-4 M) consistently inhibited activity by 30% in the supernatant fraction, but not consistently in the pellet.9 These data are consistent with the presence of a type III PDE in rat islets of Langerhans.

KW - 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine

KW - 3',5'-cyclic-AMP phosphodiesterases

KW - analysis of variance

KW - cyclic amp

KW - dose-response relationship, Drug

KW - drug interactions

KW - Forskolin

KW - glucose

KW - guanidines

KW - insulin

KW - islets of langerhans

KW - isoenzymes

KW - phosphodiesterase inhibitors

KW - phosphoric diester hydrolases

KW - purinones

KW - pyrazines

KW - pyridazines

KW - pyrrolidinones

KW - rolipram

KW - thiophenes

UR - http://ukpmc.ac.uk/abstract/MED/8564209

UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1908874/

M3 - Article

VL - 115

SP - 1486

EP - 1492

JO - British Journal of Pharmacology

T2 - British Journal of Pharmacology

JF - British Journal of Pharmacology

SN - 0007-1188

IS - 8

ER -