Effects of thermal recycling temperatures on the reinforcement potential of glass fibers

U. Nagel, L. Yang, C. C. Kao, J. L. Thomason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present work the reinforcement potential of thermally recycled glass fibers in injection molded Polypropylene (PP) composites was investigated. Microbond tests showed that fiber sizing lost its compatibility to the PP matrix after exposure to temperatures of 250 °C in air. The drop of the adhesion between fibers and PP was mirrored by a large reduction of the tensile strength of the injection molded PP composites. In inert atmosphere the degradation of the fiber sizing and the reduction of the IFSS were less rapid than in air but no significant difference was observed above 400 °C. It was concluded that thermally recycled glass fibers will require a post-treatment to act as an effective reinforcement in injection molded PP composites even if the thermal recycling was performed in an inert atmosphere. The post-treatment will need to improve the compatibility of the fibers to the polymer matrix and the fiber strength.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages33
JournalPolymer Composites
Early online date15 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Apr 2016

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
Glass fibers
Recycling
Reinforcement
Fibers
Composite materials
Temperature
Air
Polymer matrix
Tensile strength
Adhesion
Hot Temperature
fiberglass
Degradation

Keywords

  • thermally recycled glass fibers
  • polypropylene (PP) composites
  • injection molded composites

Cite this

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Effects of thermal recycling temperatures on the reinforcement potential of glass fibers. / Nagel, U.; Yang, L.; Kao, C. C.; Thomason, J. L.

In: Polymer Composites, 15.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yang, L.

AU - Kao, C. C.

AU - Thomason, J. L.

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AB - In the present work the reinforcement potential of thermally recycled glass fibers in injection molded Polypropylene (PP) composites was investigated. Microbond tests showed that fiber sizing lost its compatibility to the PP matrix after exposure to temperatures of 250 °C in air. The drop of the adhesion between fibers and PP was mirrored by a large reduction of the tensile strength of the injection molded PP composites. In inert atmosphere the degradation of the fiber sizing and the reduction of the IFSS were less rapid than in air but no significant difference was observed above 400 °C. It was concluded that thermally recycled glass fibers will require a post-treatment to act as an effective reinforcement in injection molded PP composites even if the thermal recycling was performed in an inert atmosphere. The post-treatment will need to improve the compatibility of the fibers to the polymer matrix and the fiber strength.

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KW - injection molded composites

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