Effective and efficient breakwater design for trading vessels and FPSOS

K. Varyani, T. Hodgson, X.P. Pham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Breakwaters obviously need to fulfill their function (protecting sensitive structures or cargo) while at the same time remaining intact and imposing manageable loads onto supporting structure. It goes without saying that such breakwaters should be cost effective, so that complex designs with extensive welding may not be preferable. In this paper the authors discuss green water loading on breakwaters for trading vessels like container ships which have forward speed and FPSOs which have zero speed. Different generic designs of V shape, vane type, double skin with and without holes, and forward sloping forecastle (whaleback deck) breakwaters applied to trading vessels are discussed. Guidelines for modeling green water horizontal loading on breakwaters of FPSOs and trading vessels using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques are provided. The paper will also include a review of breakwater design criteria in rules and regulations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2008


  • geometrical shape
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • container ship
  • wave breaking
  • marine platform
  • offshore structure
  • breakwater
  • engineering design
  • welding
  • maritime transportation

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