In the absence of FRP plate/glue/concrete interface bond failure (i.e. interfacial debonding), eight possible flexural modes of failure are identified for reinforced concrete beams experiencing lateral loading, and strengthened in flexure with external FRP or steel plates glued to their soffits. All possible changes in such modes of failure, as a result of variations in the modulus of elasticity of the FRP material (assuming an associated constant value of ultimate tensile strength for the FRP plate in a given beam design), have been addressed in some detail, with a quantitative treatment of the critical values of the FRP modulus of elasticity associated with various failure mode transitions (i.e. changes).
- reinforced concrete
- external plating
- modes of failure
- modulus of elasticity
- fibre-reinforced polymer plates