Effect of tool edge radius on material removal mechanism in atomic and close-to-atomic scale cutting

Wenkun Xie, Fengzhou Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


For mechanical cutting, when cutting depth is decreased to atomic and close-to-atomic scale(ACS), the material removal mechanism would be dominated by dislocation motion, different from conventional cutting and nanocutting. It is is greatly influenced by cutting edge radius effect in the aspects of chip formation, cutting forces, and stress distribution, etc. There appear three deformation zones in ACS cutting, including dislocation slip zone, chip formation zone and elastic deformation zone. As cutting-edge radius increases, both of dislocation slip zone and chip formation zone are suppressed while the elastic deformation zone tends to continually grow. When cutting edge radius is increased to be larger than a threshold, the elastic deformation zone is further transformed into one elastic and plastic deformation zone, while a very small chip formation zone, and dislocation zone is remained ahead of rounded cutting edge. Consequently, though the minimum cutting depth is decreased to single atomic layer, the material removal behaviour is also dominated by extrusion action of cutting tool, following the mechanism of nanocutting. The research findings would provide theoretical guidelines to the cutting tool design for atomic and close-to-atomic scale cutting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144451
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Surface Science
Early online date19 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2020


  • ACS cutting
  • ACSM
  • material removal mechanism
  • mechanical cutting
  • tool edge radius


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