Effect of surface machining on intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) in sensitised type 304 austenitic stainless steel

S. Rahimi, K. Mehrez, T. J. Marrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of surface finish, applied stress and test duration on the developed populations of short crack nuclei has been studied for a thermally sensitised type 304 austenitic stainless steel, exposed to acidi fied potassium tetrathionate (K 2 S 4 O 6 ) solution. The crack populations can be quantified using extreme value statistics (Gumbel distribution) to obtain a characteristic crack length. The surface finish has a significant impact on crack development; a roughly machined surface, obtained with a greater depth of cut, is most susceptible to intergranular failure. The characteristic crack length of the crack population increases with tensile stress and test duration. Residual stress can cause cracking in the absence of an applied stress.
LanguageEnglish
JournalCorrosion Engineering Science and Technology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2016

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Stress corrosion cracking
Austenitic stainless steel
Machining
Cracks
Tetrathionic Acid
Tensile stress
Potassium
Residual stresses
Statistics

Keywords

  • intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC)
  • austenitic stainless steels
  • sensitisation
  • crack growth
  • residual stress
  • gumbel distribution
  • machining

Cite this

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AU - Mehrez, K.

AU - Marrow, T. J.

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AB - The effect of surface finish, applied stress and test duration on the developed populations of short crack nuclei has been studied for a thermally sensitised type 304 austenitic stainless steel, exposed to acidi fied potassium tetrathionate (K 2 S 4 O 6 ) solution. The crack populations can be quantified using extreme value statistics (Gumbel distribution) to obtain a characteristic crack length. The surface finish has a significant impact on crack development; a roughly machined surface, obtained with a greater depth of cut, is most susceptible to intergranular failure. The characteristic crack length of the crack population increases with tensile stress and test duration. Residual stress can cause cracking in the absence of an applied stress.

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KW - residual stress

KW - gumbel distribution

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