Effect of rod-like nanoparticles on the dielectric susceptibility of nematic nano-composites: a molecular theory

Mikhail A. Osipov, Alexey S. Merekalov, Alexander A. Ezhov

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Abstract

The effect of rod-like nanoparticles on the high-frequency dielectric susceptibility of the nematic nano-composites has been investigated in the framework of a molecular theory. Analytical expressions for the components of the effective polarizability of a rod-like nanoparticle in the nematic host have been obtained and used in the calculations of the dielectric susceptibility of the composites as functions of the nanoparticle volume fraction. Numerical calculations of the susceptibility have been undertaken using the nematic liquid crystal 5CB as a host doped with either gold or silver particles for different values of the concentration of nanoparticles. It has been shown that the rod-like nanoparticles have a much stronger effect on the components of the dielectric susceptibility of the nano-composites including, in particular, the one with gold nanoparticles in the vicinity of the plasmon resonance. The main conclusion is that at sufficiently large concentration of nanoparticles, the anisotropy of the dielectric susceptibility of the nano-composites may even change the sign with an increasing concentration which may be important for various applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1827
Number of pages8
JournalCrystals
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • liquid crystal
  • molecular-statistical theory
  • nano-composite

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