Effect of precipitation on mechanical properties in the β-Ti alloy Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn

James Coakley, Khandaker M. Rahman, Vassili A. Vorontsov, Masato Ohnuma, David Dye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tensile testing and cyclic tensile loading measurements were performed on heat-treated samples of annealed Ti-2448 and cold-rolled Ti-2448. Quenching from above the β-transus produces an alloy that is highly superelastic has ultra-low elastic modulus (10-25. GPa) and exhibits hysteresis on loading-unloading cycles. On repeated cycling the strain energy absorbed in each cycle decreases. Annealed Ti-2448 exhibits a stable hysteresis loop. Peaks from the α″ phase are observed in X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, thus the material is quite lean in β-stabilising additions. The alloy is shown to be highly unstable when heat-treated. A combination of small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) was employed to relate the thermally induced microstructural evolution to the change in mechanical properties. A heat-treatment of 80. °C to the cold-rolled material precipitated the ω phase causing embrittlement. Increasing the ageing temperature from 80 to 300. °C increased the stiffness, made the elastic regime more linear, and further embrittled the alloy. The low temperature heat-treatments precipitate both ω and α″ phases. A higher temperature ageing treatment at 450. °C increased the yield strength to over 1. GPa and caused embrittlement, indicating co-precipitation of α and ω phases.

LanguageEnglish
Pages399-407
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume655
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

embrittlement
Embrittlement
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
cycles
heat treatment
Aging of materials
hysteresis
Low temperature operations
X ray diffraction
heat
x rays
unloading
Microstructural evolution
Tensile testing
yield strength
Hysteresis loops
Coprecipitation
Strain energy
Unloading

Keywords

  • aging
  • electron microscopy
  • mechanical characterisation
  • phase transformation
  • titanium alloys
  • x-ray diffraction

Cite this

Coakley, James ; Rahman, Khandaker M. ; Vorontsov, Vassili A. ; Ohnuma, Masato ; Dye, David. / Effect of precipitation on mechanical properties in the β-Ti alloy Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn. In: Materials Science and Engineering A. 2016 ; Vol. 655. pp. 399-407.
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Effect of precipitation on mechanical properties in the β-Ti alloy Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn. / Coakley, James; Rahman, Khandaker M.; Vorontsov, Vassili A.; Ohnuma, Masato; Dye, David.

In: Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 655, 08.02.2016, p. 399-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Coakley, James

AU - Rahman, Khandaker M.

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AB - Tensile testing and cyclic tensile loading measurements were performed on heat-treated samples of annealed Ti-2448 and cold-rolled Ti-2448. Quenching from above the β-transus produces an alloy that is highly superelastic has ultra-low elastic modulus (10-25. GPa) and exhibits hysteresis on loading-unloading cycles. On repeated cycling the strain energy absorbed in each cycle decreases. Annealed Ti-2448 exhibits a stable hysteresis loop. Peaks from the α″ phase are observed in X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, thus the material is quite lean in β-stabilising additions. The alloy is shown to be highly unstable when heat-treated. A combination of small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) was employed to relate the thermally induced microstructural evolution to the change in mechanical properties. A heat-treatment of 80. °C to the cold-rolled material precipitated the ω phase causing embrittlement. Increasing the ageing temperature from 80 to 300. °C increased the stiffness, made the elastic regime more linear, and further embrittled the alloy. The low temperature heat-treatments precipitate both ω and α″ phases. A higher temperature ageing treatment at 450. °C increased the yield strength to over 1. GPa and caused embrittlement, indicating co-precipitation of α and ω phases.

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