Effect of pore clogging on kinetics of lead uptake by clinoptilolite

Vassilis J. Inglezakis, Napoleon A. Diamandis, Maria D. Loizidou, Helen P. Grigoropoulou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


The kinetics of lead–sodium ion exchange using pretreated natural clinoptilolite are investigated, more specifically the influence of agitation (0, 210, and 650 rpm) on the limiting step of the overall process, for particle sizes of 0.63–0.8 and 0.8–1 mm at ambient temperature and initial lead solutions of 500 mg l−1 without pH adjustment. The isotopic exchange model is found to fit the ion exchange process. Particle diffusion is shown to be the controlling step for both particle sizes under agitation, while in the absence of agitation film diffusion is shown to control. The ion exchange process effective diffusion coefficients are calculated and found to depend strongly on particle size in the case of agitation at 210 rpm and only slightly on particle size at 650 rpm. Lead uptake rates are higher for smaller particles only at rigorous agitation, while at mild agitation the results are reversed. These facts are due to partial clogging of the pores of the mineral during the grinding process. This is verified through comparison of lead uptake rates for two samples of the same particle size, one of which is rigorously washed for a certain time before being exposed to the ion exchange.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-57
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 1999


  • lead uptake
  • ion exchange
  • zeolites
  • diffusion coefficients
  • pore clogging


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of pore clogging on kinetics of lead uptake by clinoptilolite'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this