Earth-Mars transfers through Moon distant retrograde orbits

Davide Conte, Marilena Di Carlo, Koki Ho, David B. Spencer, Massimiliano Vasile

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Abstract

This paper focuses on trajectory design which is relevant for missions that would follow NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) to further explore and utilise asteroids and eventually human Mars exploration. Assuming that a refueling gas station is present at a given Lunar Distant Retrograde Orbit (DRO), we analyse ways of departing from the Earth to Mars via that DRO. Thus, the analysis and results presented in this paper add a new cis-lunar departure orbit for Earth-Mars missions. Porkchop plots depicting the required C3 at launch, v1 at arrival, Time of Flight (TOF), and total ∆V for various DRO departure and Mars arrival dates are created and compared with results obtained for low ∆V LEO to Mars trajectories. The results show that low ∆V DRO to Mars transfers generally have lower ∆V and TOF than LEO to Mars maneuvers.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2015
EventAAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015 - Colorado, Vail, United States
Duration: 9 Aug 201513 Aug 2015

Conference

ConferenceAAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015
CountryUnited States
CityVail
Period9/08/1513/08/15

Fingerprint

Moon
Orbits
Earth (planet)
Asteroids
Trajectories
NASA
Gases

Keywords

  • trajectory design
  • retrograde orbits
  • asteroid redirect mission (ARM)
  • Mars exploration

Cite this

Conte, D., Di Carlo, M., Ho, K., Spencer, D. B., & Vasile, M. (2015). Earth-Mars transfers through Moon distant retrograde orbits. Paper presented at AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015, Vail, United States.
Conte, Davide ; Di Carlo, Marilena ; Ho, Koki ; Spencer, David B. ; Vasile, Massimiliano. / Earth-Mars transfers through Moon distant retrograde orbits. Paper presented at AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015, Vail, United States.16 p.
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Conte, D, Di Carlo, M, Ho, K, Spencer, DB & Vasile, M 2015, 'Earth-Mars transfers through Moon distant retrograde orbits' Paper presented at AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015, Vail, United States, 9/08/15 - 13/08/15, .

Earth-Mars transfers through Moon distant retrograde orbits. / Conte, Davide; Di Carlo, Marilena; Ho, Koki; Spencer, David B.; Vasile, Massimiliano.

2015. Paper presented at AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015, Vail, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Spencer, David B.

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AB - This paper focuses on trajectory design which is relevant for missions that would follow NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) to further explore and utilise asteroids and eventually human Mars exploration. Assuming that a refueling gas station is present at a given Lunar Distant Retrograde Orbit (DRO), we analyse ways of departing from the Earth to Mars via that DRO. Thus, the analysis and results presented in this paper add a new cis-lunar departure orbit for Earth-Mars missions. Porkchop plots depicting the required C3 at launch, v1 at arrival, Time of Flight (TOF), and total ∆V for various DRO departure and Mars arrival dates are created and compared with results obtained for low ∆V LEO to Mars trajectories. The results show that low ∆V DRO to Mars transfers generally have lower ∆V and TOF than LEO to Mars maneuvers.

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Conte D, Di Carlo M, Ho K, Spencer DB, Vasile M. Earth-Mars transfers through Moon distant retrograde orbits. 2015. Paper presented at AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2015, Vail, United States.