Early endosomes and endosomal coatomer are required for autophagy

M. Razi, Edmond Y. Chan, Sharon A. Tooze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

228 Citations (Scopus)
244 Downloads (Pure)


Autophagy, an intracellular degradative pathway, maintains cell homeostasis under normal and stress conditions. Nascent double-membrane autophagosomes sequester and enclose cytosolic components and organelles, and subsequently fuse with the endosomal pathway allowing content degradation. Autophagy requires fusion of autophagosomes with late endosomes, but it is not known if fusion with early endosomes is essential. We show that fusion of AVs with functional early endosomes is required for autophagy. Inhibition of early endosome function by loss of COPI subunits (β′, β, or α) results in accumulation of autophagosomes, but not an increased autophagic flux. COPI is required for ER-Golgi transport and early endosome maturation. Although loss of COPI results in the fragmentation of the Golgi, this does not induce the formation of autophagosomes. Loss of COPI causes defects in early endosome function, as both transferrin recycling and EGF internalization and degradation are impaired, and this loss of function causes an inhibition of autophagy, an accumulation of p62/SQSTM-1, and ubiquitinated proteins in autophagosomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-321
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2009


  • autophagy
  • cell homeostasis
  • Nascent double-membrane autophagosomes
  • autophagosomes
  • endosomes


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