Dynamics of highly energetic electrons in novel accelerating diodes

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Abstract

We present initial predictions from the investigation of a novel, short-pulse (~200ns), space-charge-limited-emission electron accelerating diode, or electron-gun, that operates purely under the influence of its own self-fields – i.e. without the requirement for externally applied magnetic insulation of the propagating electron beam. The optimised model, developed using CST Studio Suite, predicted a ~500keV, ~1.86kA electron beam, with a mean envelope-radius of 16.8mm propagating into a 18mm radius drift-tube. The beam was very slightly convergent at the entry to the drift-region with a convergence angle of 1.50 (0.026rad).

A key consideration, in developing the electron gun, was the potential for vacuum-arcing, due to excessive electric field stresses. The pulsed nature of the gun aids in mitigating some of that risk, however to reduce it further, the maximum field-stress considered “safe” was taken to be ~40MV/m (double the typical Kilpatrick DC limit of 20MV/m). In the optimized model the peak stress was ~35MV/m, falling acceptably within the bounds set.

The electron gun is currently being manufactured for experimental testing, where it will then be used as the particle accelerator driving a novel, self-insulating, high-power microwave source.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2020
Event47th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Virtual
Duration: 6 Dec 202010 Dec 2020
https://www.icops2020.org/public.asp?page=home.html

Conference

Conference47th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
Abbreviated titleICOPS 2020
Period6/12/2010/12/20
Internet address

Keywords

  • energetic electrons
  • accelerating diodes
  • particle acceleration

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