Development of bulk ultra-fine grained (UFG) materials by severe plastic deformation to attain improved mechanical properties is becoming more attractive and extensively studied nowadays. Equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) is one of technique used effectively for obtaining bulk UFG materials. Novelty of this technique is one can build up significant amount of plastic strain by increasing the number of passes without much dimensional change. In present investigation dynamic recrystallization at deformation zones around the non-shearable second phase particles in Al-Li based alloy processed by ECAE is reported. Transmission electron microscopy technique involving imaging the regions of such deformation zones with different specimen tilt conditions is used. It is shown that the dynamic recrystallisation occurring in the proximities of second phase particles during the deformation at room temperature, leads to very fine grained microstructure. Observation of multiple active nucleation sites around even sub-micrometer sized non-deformable particles in the as-processed material indicates that the system exhibits efficiency >1 based on the concept of particle stimulated nucleation (PSN). Crystallites of ultra-fine/nanocrystalline size ranges are formed in the deformation zones around the non-deformable particles during deformation itself. Effect of short term post deformation annealing to understand the recovery and recrystallization was undertaken. Based on these results effect of optimal post deformation heat treatment conditions on the thermal stability of the microstructures is emphasized. It is suggested that with significant fraction of non-shearable particles it might be possible to get grain size in the nanocrystalline or ultra-fine range with relatively low effective strain levels using ECAE.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Materials Science Forum|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Apr 2012|
- aluminium alloys
- dynamic recrystallization