Dynamic quality of service differentiation using fixed code weight in optical CDMA networks

Majid H. Kakaee, Shawnim I. Essa, Thanaa H. Abd, Saleh Seyedzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The emergence of network-driven applications, such as internet, video conferencing, and online gaming, brings in the need for a network the environments with capability of providing diverse Quality of Services (QoS). In this paper, a new code family of novel spreading sequences, called a Multi-Service (MS) code, has been constructed to support multiple services in Optical- Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) system. The proposed method uses fixed weight for all services, however reducing the interfering codewords for the users requiring higher QoS. The performance of the proposed code is demonstrated using mathematical analysis. It shown that the total number of served users with satisfactory BER of 10-9 using NB=2 is 82, while they are only 36 and 10 when NB=3 and 4 respectively. The developed MS code is compared with variable-weight codes such as Variable Weight-Khazani Syed (VW-KS) and Multi-Weight-Random Diagonal (MW-RD). Different numbers of basic users (NB) are used to support triple-play services (audio, data and video) with different QoS requirements. Furthermore, reference to the BER of 10−12, 10−9, and 10−3 for video, data and audio, respectively, the system can support up to 45 total users. Hence, results show that the technique can clearly provide a relative QoS differentiation with lower value of basic users can support larger number of subscribers as well as better performance in terms of acceptable BER of 10−9 at fixed code weight.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-351
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Communications
Early online date24 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2015


  • fiber optics communications
  • optical code division multiple access (OCDMA)
  • spectral amplitude coding (SAC)
  • multi-service (MS) code
  • quality of seervice (QoS)


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