Dry growth of n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer for low-voltage organic thin-film transistors

Swati Gupta, Helena Gleskova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dry method for monolayer deposition of n-octylphosphonic acid (C8PA) on the surface of aluminium oxide (AlOx) is presented. Vacuum thermal evaporation is employed to deposit initial thickness corresponding to several C8PA monolayers, followed by a thermal desorption of the physisorbed C8PA molecules. AlOx functionalized with such C8PA monolayer exhibits leakage current density of ∼10−7 A/cm2 at 3 V, electric breakdown field of ∼6 MV/cm, and a root-mean-square surface roughness of 0.36 nm. The performance of low-voltage pentacene thin-film transistors that implement this dry AlOx/C8PA gate dielectric depends on C8PA desorption time. When the desorption time rises from 25 to 210 min, the field-effect mobility increases from ∼0.02 to ∼0.04 cm2/V s, threshold voltage rises from ∼−1.2 to ∼−1.4 V, sub-threshold slope
decreases from ∼120 to ∼80 mV/decade, off-current decreases from ∼5 × 10−12 to ∼1 × 10−12 A, on/off current ratio rises from ∼3.8 × 104 to ∼2.5 × 105, and the transistor hysteresis decreases from 61 to 26 mV. These results collectively support a two stage model of the desorption process where the removal of the physisorbed C8PA molecules is followed by the annealing of the defect sites in the remaining C8PA monolayer.

LanguageEnglish
Pages354-361
Number of pages8
JournalOrganic Electronics
Volume14
Issue number1
Early online date9 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Thin film transistors
low voltage
Aluminum Oxide
Monolayers
transistors
desorption
Desorption
acids
Acids
aluminum oxides
Electric potential
thin films
Aluminum
Oxides
Vacuum evaporation
Thermal desorption
Molecules
Thermal evaporation
Gate dielectrics
Electric breakdown

Keywords

  • dry growth
  • n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer
  • low-voltage
  • organic
  • thin-film transistors
  • aluminium oxide
  • alkyl phosphonic acid
  • pentacene
  • monolayer formation in vacuum

Cite this

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title = "Dry growth of n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer for low-voltage organic thin-film transistors",
abstract = "Dry method for monolayer deposition of n-octylphosphonic acid (C8PA) on the surface of aluminium oxide (AlOx) is presented. Vacuum thermal evaporation is employed to deposit initial thickness corresponding to several C8PA monolayers, followed by a thermal desorption of the physisorbed C8PA molecules. AlOx functionalized with such C8PA monolayer exhibits leakage current density of ∼10−7 A/cm2 at 3 V, electric breakdown field of ∼6 MV/cm, and a root-mean-square surface roughness of 0.36 nm. The performance of low-voltage pentacene thin-film transistors that implement this dry AlOx/C8PA gate dielectric depends on C8PA desorption time. When the desorption time rises from 25 to 210 min, the field-effect mobility increases from ∼0.02 to ∼0.04 cm2/V s, threshold voltage rises from ∼−1.2 to ∼−1.4 V, sub-threshold slope decreases from ∼120 to ∼80 mV/decade, off-current decreases from ∼5 × 10−12 to ∼1 × 10−12 A, on/off current ratio rises from ∼3.8 × 104 to ∼2.5 × 105, and the transistor hysteresis decreases from 61 to 26 mV. These results collectively support a two stage model of the desorption process where the removal of the physisorbed C8PA molecules is followed by the annealing of the defect sites in the remaining C8PA monolayer.",
keywords = "dry growth , n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer, low-voltage , organic , thin-film transistors, aluminium oxide, alkyl phosphonic acid, pentacene, monolayer formation in vacuum",
author = "Swati Gupta and Helena Gleskova",
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doi = "10.1016/j.orgel.2012.10.016",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "354--361",
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Dry growth of n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer for low-voltage organic thin-film transistors. / Gupta, Swati; Gleskova, Helena.

In: Organic Electronics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 354-361.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dry growth of n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer for low-voltage organic thin-film transistors

AU - Gupta, Swati

AU - Gleskova, Helena

PY - 2013/1

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N2 - Dry method for monolayer deposition of n-octylphosphonic acid (C8PA) on the surface of aluminium oxide (AlOx) is presented. Vacuum thermal evaporation is employed to deposit initial thickness corresponding to several C8PA monolayers, followed by a thermal desorption of the physisorbed C8PA molecules. AlOx functionalized with such C8PA monolayer exhibits leakage current density of ∼10−7 A/cm2 at 3 V, electric breakdown field of ∼6 MV/cm, and a root-mean-square surface roughness of 0.36 nm. The performance of low-voltage pentacene thin-film transistors that implement this dry AlOx/C8PA gate dielectric depends on C8PA desorption time. When the desorption time rises from 25 to 210 min, the field-effect mobility increases from ∼0.02 to ∼0.04 cm2/V s, threshold voltage rises from ∼−1.2 to ∼−1.4 V, sub-threshold slope decreases from ∼120 to ∼80 mV/decade, off-current decreases from ∼5 × 10−12 to ∼1 × 10−12 A, on/off current ratio rises from ∼3.8 × 104 to ∼2.5 × 105, and the transistor hysteresis decreases from 61 to 26 mV. These results collectively support a two stage model of the desorption process where the removal of the physisorbed C8PA molecules is followed by the annealing of the defect sites in the remaining C8PA monolayer.

AB - Dry method for monolayer deposition of n-octylphosphonic acid (C8PA) on the surface of aluminium oxide (AlOx) is presented. Vacuum thermal evaporation is employed to deposit initial thickness corresponding to several C8PA monolayers, followed by a thermal desorption of the physisorbed C8PA molecules. AlOx functionalized with such C8PA monolayer exhibits leakage current density of ∼10−7 A/cm2 at 3 V, electric breakdown field of ∼6 MV/cm, and a root-mean-square surface roughness of 0.36 nm. The performance of low-voltage pentacene thin-film transistors that implement this dry AlOx/C8PA gate dielectric depends on C8PA desorption time. When the desorption time rises from 25 to 210 min, the field-effect mobility increases from ∼0.02 to ∼0.04 cm2/V s, threshold voltage rises from ∼−1.2 to ∼−1.4 V, sub-threshold slope decreases from ∼120 to ∼80 mV/decade, off-current decreases from ∼5 × 10−12 to ∼1 × 10−12 A, on/off current ratio rises from ∼3.8 × 104 to ∼2.5 × 105, and the transistor hysteresis decreases from 61 to 26 mV. These results collectively support a two stage model of the desorption process where the removal of the physisorbed C8PA molecules is followed by the annealing of the defect sites in the remaining C8PA monolayer.

KW - dry growth

KW - n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer

KW - low-voltage

KW - organic

KW - thin-film transistors

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KW - alkyl phosphonic acid

KW - pentacene

KW - monolayer formation in vacuum

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T2 - Organic Electronics

JF - Organic Electronics

SN - 1566-1199

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