Doubly disadvantaged: gender, spatially concentrated deprivation and nascent entrepreneurial activity

Ekaterina Murzacheva, Sreevas Sahasranamam, Jonathan Levie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Drawing on human capital, intersectionality and mixed embeddedness theory, we test hypotheses on the relationship between gender differences in human capital and gender differences in nascent entrepreneurial activity across geographical space, and the moderating effect of spatially concentrated deprivation on this relationship. Using UK data from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, we find that the disadvantaged position of female nascent entrepreneurs arises from social exclusion, and specifically that the gender differences in nascent entrepreneurial activity are directly related to differences in general and specific human capital across locales. Moreover, in deprived locations, women as a group do not gain from any human capital advantage they might have over men, causing a double disadvantage for women. Our results make a novel contribution to the literature on disadvantage entrepreneurship, and we discuss policy options to tackle double disadvantage in deprived locales.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages40
JournalEuropean Management Review
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 7 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Entrepreneurial activity
Deprivation
Human capital
Disadvantage
Gender differences
Nascent entrepreneurs
Policy options
Hypothesis test
Intersectionality
Specific human capital
General human capital
Global Entrepreneurship Monitor
Social exclusion
Moderating effect
Entrepreneurship
Embeddedness

Keywords

  • entrepreneurship
  • gender
  • multiple deprivation
  • global entrepreneurship monitor
  • human capital
  • inequality
  • female entrepreneurship
  • disadvantaged communities

Cite this

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Doubly disadvantaged : gender, spatially concentrated deprivation and nascent entrepreneurial activity. / Murzacheva, Ekaterina; Sahasranamam, Sreevas; Levie, Jonathan.

In: European Management Review, 07.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Doubly disadvantaged

T2 - European Management Review

AU - Murzacheva, Ekaterina

AU - Sahasranamam, Sreevas

AU - Levie, Jonathan

PY - 2019/10/7

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AB - Drawing on human capital, intersectionality and mixed embeddedness theory, we test hypotheses on the relationship between gender differences in human capital and gender differences in nascent entrepreneurial activity across geographical space, and the moderating effect of spatially concentrated deprivation on this relationship. Using UK data from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, we find that the disadvantaged position of female nascent entrepreneurs arises from social exclusion, and specifically that the gender differences in nascent entrepreneurial activity are directly related to differences in general and specific human capital across locales. Moreover, in deprived locations, women as a group do not gain from any human capital advantage they might have over men, causing a double disadvantage for women. Our results make a novel contribution to the literature on disadvantage entrepreneurship, and we discuss policy options to tackle double disadvantage in deprived locales.

KW - entrepreneurship

KW - gender

KW - multiple deprivation

KW - global entrepreneurship monitor

KW - human capital

KW - inequality

KW - female entrepreneurship

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SN - 1740-4754

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