Does organisational culture influence prescribing in care homes for older people?

Carmel M Hughes, Kate Lapane, Margaret C Watson, Huw T. O. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prescribing in care homes for older people has been the focus of much research and debate because of inappropriate drug choice and poor monitoring practices. In the US, this has led to the implementation of punitive and adversarial regulation that has sought to improve the quality of prescribing in this healthcare setting. This approach is unique to the US and has not been replicated elsewhere. The literature has revealed that there are limitations as to how much can be achieved with regulation that is externally imposed (an 'external factor'). Other influences, which may be categorised as 'internal factors' operating within the care home (e.g. patient, physician and care-home characteristics), also affect prescribing. However, these internal and external factors do not appear to affect prescribing uniformly, and poor prescribing practices in care homes continue to be observed. One intangible factor that has received little attention in this area of healthcare is that of organisational culture. This factor has been linked to quality and performance within other health organisations. Consideration of organisational culture within care-home settings may help to understand what drives prescribing decisions in this particularly vulnerable patient group and thus provide new directions for future strategies to promote quality care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalDrugs and Aging
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

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Organizational Culture
Home Care Services
Delivery of Health Care
Quality of Health Care
Patient Care
Physicians
Health
Research
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • aged
  • decision making
  • drug monitoring
  • drug utilization
  • humans
  • medication errors
  • nursing homes
  • organizational culture
  • practice patterns, physicians'
  • quality of health care

Cite this

Hughes, Carmel M ; Lapane, Kate ; Watson, Margaret C ; Davies, Huw T. O. / Does organisational culture influence prescribing in care homes for older people?. In: Drugs and Aging. 2007 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 81-93.
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Does organisational culture influence prescribing in care homes for older people? / Hughes, Carmel M; Lapane, Kate; Watson, Margaret C; Davies, Huw T. O.

In: Drugs and Aging, Vol. 24, No. 2, 02.2007, p. 81-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Prescribing in care homes for older people has been the focus of much research and debate because of inappropriate drug choice and poor monitoring practices. In the US, this has led to the implementation of punitive and adversarial regulation that has sought to improve the quality of prescribing in this healthcare setting. This approach is unique to the US and has not been replicated elsewhere. The literature has revealed that there are limitations as to how much can be achieved with regulation that is externally imposed (an 'external factor'). Other influences, which may be categorised as 'internal factors' operating within the care home (e.g. patient, physician and care-home characteristics), also affect prescribing. However, these internal and external factors do not appear to affect prescribing uniformly, and poor prescribing practices in care homes continue to be observed. One intangible factor that has received little attention in this area of healthcare is that of organisational culture. This factor has been linked to quality and performance within other health organisations. Consideration of organisational culture within care-home settings may help to understand what drives prescribing decisions in this particularly vulnerable patient group and thus provide new directions for future strategies to promote quality care.

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