A distributed PLL-based frequency control is proposed in this paper for offshore wind turbine converters connected with diode-rectifier based high-voltage-direct-current (HVDC) systems. The proposed control enables a large number of wind turbines to work autonomously to contribute to the offshore AC frequency and voltage regulation. The proposed control also provides automatic synchronization of the offline wind turbines to the offshore AC grid. Stability of the proposed frequency control is analyzed using root locus method. Moreover, an active dc voltage control of the onshore modular multilevel converter (MMC) is proposed to ride-through onshore AC fault, where the onshore MMC converter quickly increases the dc voltage by adding additional submodules in each phase, in order to rapidly reduce wind farm active power generation so as to achieve quick active power re-balance between the offshore and onshore sides. Thus the overvoltage of the submodule capacitor is alleviated during the onshore fault, reducing the possibility of system disconnection. Simulation results in PSCAD verify the proposed control strategy during start-up, synchronization and under onshore and offshore fault conditions.
- diode-rectifier based HVDC
- distributed PLL-based frequency control
- offshore wind power integration
- onshore AC fault
- synchronization of wind turbine converters