Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites

P. Record, C. Popov, J.E. Fletcher, E. Abraham, Z. Huang, H. Chang, R. Whatmore

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Results from measurements of the direct and converse magnetoelectric (ME) effect on a three-layer, epoxy-bonded, laminate composite are presented. The laminae are a single transversely polarized piezoelectric elements (PZ29) sandwiched between two longitudinal-magnetic ally polarized magnetostrictive TD elements (Terfenol-D-TX GMM). The direct ME effect was determined by measuring laminate output with a Helmholtz-generated AC field (up to 7 Oe) in the range 50 Hz-100 kHz biased by a DC field (0-1000 Oe). Peak voltage output occurred at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency, its value depending on the strength and direction of the applied magnetic field. The peak output was 3061 mV at 3 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe bias, equivalent to 74.4 V cm(-1) Oe(-1). The peak output coefficient, however, was 93.6 V cm(-1) Oe(-1) at 0.1 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe DC bias. The reduction at higher drive amplitudes was attributed to increased Young's modulus of the TD phase. Anomalous peaks in the low frequency spectrum of sample's output are explained. The converse magnetoelectric effect was measured by recording the voltage induced in a solenoid encompassing the ME while exposed to a DC bias field and the PZ phase driven by a 10 VAC source. The peak output is shown to depend on the strength of the applied DC magnetic field and developed a maximum field of 15.4 Oe at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency. This equates to a converse magnetoelectric coefficient of 55 Oe cm kV(-1) (c)
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - May 2006
EventSymposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 29 May 20062 Jun 2006

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems
CountryFrance
CityStrasbourg
Period29/05/062/06/06

Fingerprint

laminates
composite materials
output
direct current
alternating current
resonant frequencies
electric potential
coefficients
solenoids
magnetic fields
modulus of elasticity
recording
low frequencies

Keywords

  • magnetoelectric composites
  • MEMS
  • piezoelectricity
  • magnetostriction
  • magnetoelectric effect

Cite this

Record, P., Popov, C., Fletcher, J. E., Abraham, E., Huang, Z., Chang, H., & Whatmore, R. (2006). Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites. Paper presented at Symposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems , Strasbourg, France.
Record, P. ; Popov, C. ; Fletcher, J.E. ; Abraham, E. ; Huang, Z. ; Chang, H. ; Whatmore, R. / Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites. Paper presented at Symposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems , Strasbourg, France.5 p.
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abstract = "Results from measurements of the direct and converse magnetoelectric (ME) effect on a three-layer, epoxy-bonded, laminate composite are presented. The laminae are a single transversely polarized piezoelectric elements (PZ29) sandwiched between two longitudinal-magnetic ally polarized magnetostrictive TD elements (Terfenol-D-TX GMM). The direct ME effect was determined by measuring laminate output with a Helmholtz-generated AC field (up to 7 Oe) in the range 50 Hz-100 kHz biased by a DC field (0-1000 Oe). Peak voltage output occurred at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency, its value depending on the strength and direction of the applied magnetic field. The peak output was 3061 mV at 3 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe bias, equivalent to 74.4 V cm(-1) Oe(-1). The peak output coefficient, however, was 93.6 V cm(-1) Oe(-1) at 0.1 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe DC bias. The reduction at higher drive amplitudes was attributed to increased Young's modulus of the TD phase. Anomalous peaks in the low frequency spectrum of sample's output are explained. The converse magnetoelectric effect was measured by recording the voltage induced in a solenoid encompassing the ME while exposed to a DC bias field and the PZ phase driven by a 10 VAC source. The peak output is shown to depend on the strength of the applied DC magnetic field and developed a maximum field of 15.4 Oe at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency. This equates to a converse magnetoelectric coefficient of 55 Oe cm kV(-1) (c)",
keywords = "magnetoelectric composites, MEMS , piezoelectricity, magnetostriction, magnetoelectric effect",
author = "P. Record and C. Popov and J.E. Fletcher and E. Abraham and Z. Huang and H. Chang and R. Whatmore",
year = "2006",
month = "5",
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note = "Symposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems ; Conference date: 29-05-2006 Through 02-06-2006",

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Record, P, Popov, C, Fletcher, JE, Abraham, E, Huang, Z, Chang, H & Whatmore, R 2006, 'Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites' Paper presented at Symposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems , Strasbourg, France, 29/05/06 - 2/06/06, .

Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites. / Record, P.; Popov, C.; Fletcher, J.E.; Abraham, E.; Huang, Z.; Chang, H.; Whatmore, R.

2006. Paper presented at Symposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems , Strasbourg, France.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites

AU - Record, P.

AU - Popov, C.

AU - Fletcher, J.E.

AU - Abraham, E.

AU - Huang, Z.

AU - Chang, H.

AU - Whatmore, R.

PY - 2006/5

Y1 - 2006/5

N2 - Results from measurements of the direct and converse magnetoelectric (ME) effect on a three-layer, epoxy-bonded, laminate composite are presented. The laminae are a single transversely polarized piezoelectric elements (PZ29) sandwiched between two longitudinal-magnetic ally polarized magnetostrictive TD elements (Terfenol-D-TX GMM). The direct ME effect was determined by measuring laminate output with a Helmholtz-generated AC field (up to 7 Oe) in the range 50 Hz-100 kHz biased by a DC field (0-1000 Oe). Peak voltage output occurred at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency, its value depending on the strength and direction of the applied magnetic field. The peak output was 3061 mV at 3 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe bias, equivalent to 74.4 V cm(-1) Oe(-1). The peak output coefficient, however, was 93.6 V cm(-1) Oe(-1) at 0.1 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe DC bias. The reduction at higher drive amplitudes was attributed to increased Young's modulus of the TD phase. Anomalous peaks in the low frequency spectrum of sample's output are explained. The converse magnetoelectric effect was measured by recording the voltage induced in a solenoid encompassing the ME while exposed to a DC bias field and the PZ phase driven by a 10 VAC source. The peak output is shown to depend on the strength of the applied DC magnetic field and developed a maximum field of 15.4 Oe at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency. This equates to a converse magnetoelectric coefficient of 55 Oe cm kV(-1) (c)

AB - Results from measurements of the direct and converse magnetoelectric (ME) effect on a three-layer, epoxy-bonded, laminate composite are presented. The laminae are a single transversely polarized piezoelectric elements (PZ29) sandwiched between two longitudinal-magnetic ally polarized magnetostrictive TD elements (Terfenol-D-TX GMM). The direct ME effect was determined by measuring laminate output with a Helmholtz-generated AC field (up to 7 Oe) in the range 50 Hz-100 kHz biased by a DC field (0-1000 Oe). Peak voltage output occurred at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency, its value depending on the strength and direction of the applied magnetic field. The peak output was 3061 mV at 3 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe bias, equivalent to 74.4 V cm(-1) Oe(-1). The peak output coefficient, however, was 93.6 V cm(-1) Oe(-1) at 0.1 Oe AC field and 1000 Oe DC bias. The reduction at higher drive amplitudes was attributed to increased Young's modulus of the TD phase. Anomalous peaks in the low frequency spectrum of sample's output are explained. The converse magnetoelectric effect was measured by recording the voltage induced in a solenoid encompassing the ME while exposed to a DC bias field and the PZ phase driven by a 10 VAC source. The peak output is shown to depend on the strength of the applied DC magnetic field and developed a maximum field of 15.4 Oe at the sample's mechanical resonant frequency. This equates to a converse magnetoelectric coefficient of 55 Oe cm kV(-1) (c)

KW - magnetoelectric composites

KW - MEMS

KW - piezoelectricity

KW - magnetostriction

KW - magnetoelectric effect

M3 - Paper

ER -

Record P, Popov C, Fletcher JE, Abraham E, Huang Z, Chang H et al. Direct and inverse magnetoelectic effect in laminate bonded terfenol-D-PZT composites. 2006. Paper presented at Symposium on Functional Materials for Micro and Nanosystems , Strasbourg, France.