DiMIZA: a dispersion modeling based impact zone assessment of mercury (Hg) emissions from coal-fired power plants and risk evaluation for inhalation exposure

Ferhat Karaca, Aiganym Kumisbek, Vassilis J. Inglezakis, Seitkhan Azat, Almagul Zhakiyenova, Gulden Ormanova, Mert Guney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Coal-fired combined heat and power plants (CHPPs) serving large districts are among the major sources of mercury (Hg) emissions globally, including Central Asia. Most CHPPs reside on the outskirts of urban areas, thus creating risk zones. The impact of atmospheric Hg levels on health is complex to establish due to the site-specific nature of the relationship between CHPP emissions and hotspots (i.e., localized areas where Hg concentrations greatly exceed its background value). However, a methodological identification of "emission impact zones" for atmospheric Hg emissions from CHPPs with potential adverse public health outcomes has not yet been fully studied. The present work suggests an easy-to-use and cost-free impact zone identification method based on HYSPLIT dispersion modeling for atmospheric Hg emissions from CHPPs. The dispersion modeling based impact zone assessment, DiMIZA, merges short-term dispersion runs (e.g., hourly) into long-term emission impacts (e.g., yearly), which allows to identify the source impact zones. To perform a case study using the suggested method, a CHPP plant in Nur-Sultan (capital of Kazakhstan) was selected. First, traditional ad-hoc measurements were performed to identify the level of dispersions at ground level in different atmospheric stability characteristics. Then, HYSPLIT dispersion model was run for the same days and times of those particular periods when the field measurements were performed. The model results were evaluated via a comparison with the ground measurements and assessed for their atmospheric stability and diel conditions. Due to different emission loads in heating and non-heating periods, two separate pairs of impact zone maps were generated, and public Hg exposure health risks (acute and chronic) were assessed.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12357
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering Reports
Volume3
Issue number7
Early online date29 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • atmospheric modeling
  • atmospheric pollution
  • coal combustion
  • human health
  • hysplit
  • public health
  • risk characterization
  • derelict chloralkali plant
  • central Kazahkstan
  • river Nura
  • contamination
  • floodplain
  • vicinity
  • system

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