Differentiating between partial discharge sources using envelope comparison of ultra-high-frequency signals

T. Pinpart, M.D. Judd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Partial discharges (PD) in high-voltage equipment cause damage to insulation. One method for detecting them is the ultra-high-frequency (UHF) method. Subsequent analysis using phase-resolved patterns or time-of-flight measurements can identify PD type or locate the defect. This study presents a method for comparing UHF signal envelopes to differentiate between multiple PD sources. Experimental investigations are conducted to identify an approach that strikes a compromise between competing aims of minimising signal sampling rates while retaining sufficient ability to discriminate between PD sources in different locations. The envelope comparison method is efficient and has potential for incorporation within automated systems. Results clearly demonstrate the ability to distinguish between PD sources in different positions, which offers a means to determine the number of PD sources present. Since each PD pulse can then be associated with a particular subset of data, subsequent PD interpretation could be applied to separate PD date streams, rather than to mixed data. An radio frequency (RF) detector circuit was designed and used to validate the approach by means of experiments carried out in a model transformer tank. The technique should be applicable to other condition monitoring systems that are required to distinguish between complex transient signals.
LanguageEnglish
Pages256-267
Number of pages12
JournalIEE Proceedings Science Measurement and Technology
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

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Partial discharges
Detector circuits
Signal sampling
Condition monitoring
Insulation
Defects
Electric potential

Keywords

  • partial discharge sources
  • comparison
  • UHF signals

Cite this

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title = "Differentiating between partial discharge sources using envelope comparison of ultra-high-frequency signals",
abstract = "Partial discharges (PD) in high-voltage equipment cause damage to insulation. One method for detecting them is the ultra-high-frequency (UHF) method. Subsequent analysis using phase-resolved patterns or time-of-flight measurements can identify PD type or locate the defect. This study presents a method for comparing UHF signal envelopes to differentiate between multiple PD sources. Experimental investigations are conducted to identify an approach that strikes a compromise between competing aims of minimising signal sampling rates while retaining sufficient ability to discriminate between PD sources in different locations. The envelope comparison method is efficient and has potential for incorporation within automated systems. Results clearly demonstrate the ability to distinguish between PD sources in different positions, which offers a means to determine the number of PD sources present. Since each PD pulse can then be associated with a particular subset of data, subsequent PD interpretation could be applied to separate PD date streams, rather than to mixed data. An radio frequency (RF) detector circuit was designed and used to validate the approach by means of experiments carried out in a model transformer tank. The technique should be applicable to other condition monitoring systems that are required to distinguish between complex transient signals.",
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Differentiating between partial discharge sources using envelope comparison of ultra-high-frequency signals. / Pinpart, T.; Judd, M.D.

In: IEE Proceedings Science Measurement and Technology , Vol. 4, No. 5, 09.2010, p. 256-267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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