Device-independent quantum reading and noise-assisted quantum transmitters

Wojciech Roga, Daniela Buono, Fabrizio Illuminati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

In quantum reading, a quantum state of light (transmitter) is applied to read classical information. In the presence of noise or for sufficiently weak signals, quantum reading can outperform classical reading by reason of enhanced state distinguishability. Here we show that enhanced quantum efficiency depends on the presence in the transmitter of a particular type of quantum correlations, the discord of response. Different encodings and transmitters give rise to different levels of efficiency. Considering noisy quantum probes, we show that squeezed thermal transmitters with non-symmetrically distributed noise among the field modes yield higher quantum efficiency compared with coherent thermal quantum states. The noise-enhanced quantum advantage is a consequence of the discord of response being a non-decreasing function of increasing thermal noise under constant squeezing, a behavior that leads to increased state distinguishability. We finally show that, for non-symmetric squeezed thermal states, the probability of error, as measured by the quantum Chernoff bound, vanishes asymptotically with increasing local thermal noise with finite global squeezing. Therefore, with fixed finite squeezing, noisy but strongly discordant quantum states with a large noise imbalance between the field modes can outperform noisy classical resources as well as pure entangled transmitters with the same finite level of squeezing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013031
Number of pages23
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume17
Issue number013031
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • quantum correlations
  • quantum reading
  • Gaussian states
  • quantum technologies
  • distinguishability measures

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