Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children

S.J. Hillman, B.W. Stansfield, A.M. Richardson, J.E. Robb

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Temporal and distance parameters of 33 normal children were obtained from instrumented gait analysis prospectively over five consecutive years. The parameters were normalised to minimise the confounding effects of increasing height and leg length. Rank correlations were performed on normalised speed, normalised stride length, normalised cadence and normalised walk ratio across consecutive pairs of years to examine the ranking of these parameters for an individual child over time. Consistent trends of increasing rank correlation were observed in normalised stride length and normalised walk ratio suggesting that individual children were continuing to adjust these gait parameters towards their own characteristic position within the normal range. Consistent trends were not observed in the rank correlations for normalised speed and normalised cadence. These findings support the concept that individual children predominantly adjusted their cadence to effect changes in speed, while the development of stride length was dictated by other factors specific to the individual child. Rank correlation coefficients for walk ratio between consecutive years increased from the ages of 7-11 years of age and hence walk ratio appears be a feature of gait that matures beyond the age of 7 years. This accords with the proposal that it is an invariant parameter for an individual.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages81-85
    Number of pages4
    JournalGait and Posture
    Volume29
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

    Fingerprint

    Gait
    Leg
    Reference Values

    Keywords

    • normal children
    • gait maturation
    • prospective study

    Cite this

    Hillman, S. J., Stansfield, B. W., Richardson, A. M., & Robb, J. E. (2009). Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children. Gait and Posture, 29(1), 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.06.012
    Hillman, S.J. ; Stansfield, B.W. ; Richardson, A.M. ; Robb, J.E. / Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children. In: Gait and Posture. 2009 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 81-85.
    @article{5922ef4e1014410fbc405f83243a40ec,
    title = "Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children",
    abstract = "Temporal and distance parameters of 33 normal children were obtained from instrumented gait analysis prospectively over five consecutive years. The parameters were normalised to minimise the confounding effects of increasing height and leg length. Rank correlations were performed on normalised speed, normalised stride length, normalised cadence and normalised walk ratio across consecutive pairs of years to examine the ranking of these parameters for an individual child over time. Consistent trends of increasing rank correlation were observed in normalised stride length and normalised walk ratio suggesting that individual children were continuing to adjust these gait parameters towards their own characteristic position within the normal range. Consistent trends were not observed in the rank correlations for normalised speed and normalised cadence. These findings support the concept that individual children predominantly adjusted their cadence to effect changes in speed, while the development of stride length was dictated by other factors specific to the individual child. Rank correlation coefficients for walk ratio between consecutive years increased from the ages of 7-11 years of age and hence walk ratio appears be a feature of gait that matures beyond the age of 7 years. This accords with the proposal that it is an invariant parameter for an individual.",
    keywords = "normal children, gait maturation, prospective study",
    author = "S.J. Hillman and B.W. Stansfield and A.M. Richardson and J.E. Robb",
    year = "2009",
    month = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.06.012",
    language = "English",
    volume = "29",
    pages = "81--85",
    journal = "Gait and Posture",
    issn = "0966-6362",
    number = "1",

    }

    Hillman, SJ, Stansfield, BW, Richardson, AM & Robb, JE 2009, 'Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children' Gait and Posture, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.06.012

    Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children. / Hillman, S.J.; Stansfield, B.W.; Richardson, A.M.; Robb, J.E.

    In: Gait and Posture, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 81-85.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Development of temporal and distance parameters of gait in normal children

    AU - Hillman, S.J.

    AU - Stansfield, B.W.

    AU - Richardson, A.M.

    AU - Robb, J.E.

    PY - 2009/1

    Y1 - 2009/1

    N2 - Temporal and distance parameters of 33 normal children were obtained from instrumented gait analysis prospectively over five consecutive years. The parameters were normalised to minimise the confounding effects of increasing height and leg length. Rank correlations were performed on normalised speed, normalised stride length, normalised cadence and normalised walk ratio across consecutive pairs of years to examine the ranking of these parameters for an individual child over time. Consistent trends of increasing rank correlation were observed in normalised stride length and normalised walk ratio suggesting that individual children were continuing to adjust these gait parameters towards their own characteristic position within the normal range. Consistent trends were not observed in the rank correlations for normalised speed and normalised cadence. These findings support the concept that individual children predominantly adjusted their cadence to effect changes in speed, while the development of stride length was dictated by other factors specific to the individual child. Rank correlation coefficients for walk ratio between consecutive years increased from the ages of 7-11 years of age and hence walk ratio appears be a feature of gait that matures beyond the age of 7 years. This accords with the proposal that it is an invariant parameter for an individual.

    AB - Temporal and distance parameters of 33 normal children were obtained from instrumented gait analysis prospectively over five consecutive years. The parameters were normalised to minimise the confounding effects of increasing height and leg length. Rank correlations were performed on normalised speed, normalised stride length, normalised cadence and normalised walk ratio across consecutive pairs of years to examine the ranking of these parameters for an individual child over time. Consistent trends of increasing rank correlation were observed in normalised stride length and normalised walk ratio suggesting that individual children were continuing to adjust these gait parameters towards their own characteristic position within the normal range. Consistent trends were not observed in the rank correlations for normalised speed and normalised cadence. These findings support the concept that individual children predominantly adjusted their cadence to effect changes in speed, while the development of stride length was dictated by other factors specific to the individual child. Rank correlation coefficients for walk ratio between consecutive years increased from the ages of 7-11 years of age and hence walk ratio appears be a feature of gait that matures beyond the age of 7 years. This accords with the proposal that it is an invariant parameter for an individual.

    KW - normal children

    KW - gait maturation

    KW - prospective study

    UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.06.012

    U2 - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.06.012

    DO - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.06.012

    M3 - Article

    VL - 29

    SP - 81

    EP - 85

    JO - Gait and Posture

    T2 - Gait and Posture

    JF - Gait and Posture

    SN - 0966-6362

    IS - 1

    ER -