Development of a numerical model for floating Vertical Axis Wind Turbines

Alberto Ghigo, Massimo Sirigu, Maurizio Collu, Giovanni Bracco

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Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs), which are primarily used in small-scale applications, such as in remote or urban areas, could be particularly promising for floating offshore wind projects, where they offer benefits like increased stability, lower maintenance costs, and the potential for closer spacing due to lesser aerodynamic wake effects. However, to be competitive with floating HAWTs, scaling up VAWTs size is an urgent necessity to facilitate large-scale industrialization. To achieve this goal, the development of tools capable of assessing VAWT performance in challenging offshore environments is crucial. This work aims to introduce a time domain model of a floating VAWT, developed within the Matlab-Simscape environment. The model comprises a floating platform, a wind turbine, and a mooring system. The aerodynamics is simulated using the Double Multiple Stream Tube method, which relies on Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory. Hydrodynamics is modelled using WEC-Sim, a Simscape library developed by NREL and SANDIA. Among the main advantages of the model are the flexibility and low computational time. The article presents a case study involving a semi-sub foundation, the OC4-DeepCwind, supporting a Darrieus H-rotor VAWT. The results obtained are compared with those from QBlade Ocean, an open-source tool developed by TU Berlin, demonstrating a good agreement between the two codes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number062026
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2024
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind Torque 2024 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 28 May 202431 May 2024


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