Development of a combined mean value-zero dimensional model and application for a large marine four-stroke diesel engine simulation

Francesco Baldi, Gerasimos Theotokatos, Karin Andersson

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48 Citations (Scopus)
405 Downloads (Pure)


In this article, a combined mean value–zero dimensional model is developed using a modular approach in the computational environment of Matlab/Simulink. According to that, only the closed cycle of one engine cylinder is modelled by following the zero-dimensional approach, whereas the cylinder open cycle as well as the other engine components are modelled according to the mean value concept. The proposed model combines the advantages of the mean value and zero-dimensional models allowing for the calculation of engine performance parameters including the in-cylinder ones in relatively short execution time and therefore, it can be used in cases where the mean value model exceeds its limitations. A large marine four-stroke Diesel engine steady state operation at constant speed was simulated and the results were validated against the engine shop trials data. The model provided results comparable to the respective ones obtained by using a mean value model. Then, a number of simulation runs were performed, so that the mapping of the brake specific fuel consumption for the whole operating envelope was derived. In addition, runs with varying turbocharger turbine geometric area were carried out and the influence of variable turbine geometry on the engine performance was evaluated. Finally, the developed model was used to investigated the propulsion system behaviour of a handymax size product carrier for constant and variable engine speed operation. The results are presented and discussed enlightening the most efficient strategies for the ship operation and quantifying the expected fuel savings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-415
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date27 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2015


  • combined mean value-zero dimensional model
  • marine engine modelling
  • engine parameters mapping
  • variable turbine geometry
  • propulsion plant operating modes


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