Development and verification of an aero-hydro-servo-elastic coupled model of dynamics for FOWT, based on the MoWiT library

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The complexity of floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) systems, with their coupled motions, aero-hydro-servo-elastic dynamics, as well as non-linear system behavior and components, makes modeling and simulation indispensable. To ensure the correct implementation of the ulti-physics, the engineering models and codes have to be verified and, subsequently, validated for proving the realistic representation of the real system behavior. Within the IEA Wind Task 23 Subtask offshore code-to-code comparisons have been performed. Based on these studies, using the OC3 hase IV spar-buoy FOWT system, the Modelica for Wind Turbines (MoWiT) library, developed at Fraunhofer IWES, is verified. MoWiT is capable of fully-coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic simulations of wind turbine systems, onshore, offshore bottom-fixed, or even offshore floating. The hierarchical programing and multibody approach in the object-oriented and equation-based modeling language Modelica have the advantage (over some other simulation tools) of component-based modeling and, hence, easily modifying the implemented system model. The code-to-code comparisons with the results from the OC3 studies show, apart from expected differences due to required assumptions in consequence of missing data and incomplete information, good agreement and, consequently, substantiate the capability of MoWiT for fully-coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic simulations of FOWT systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1974
Number of pages33
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2020


  • OC3 phase IV
  • modelica
  • MoWiT
  • code-to-code comparison
  • floating offshore wind 18 turbines
  • spar-buoy


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