Developing equitable elementary classroom through teachers learning about children's mathematical thinking: cognitively guided instruction as an inclusive pedagogy

Lio Moscardini

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This paper reports on a study carried out in Scotland which involved introducing the principles of Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) to 21 mainstream elementary teachers. It considers the effects of developing CGI in classrooms focussing on teacher learning and particularly their capacity to support all learners. The findings demonstrate teachers' awareness of their own learning and how increased understanding of children's mathematical thinking left them better placed to support all learners. The study highlights the importance of developing teachers' knowledge of children's mathematical thinking in order to promote inclusive practices with CGI providing a useful framework for this professional development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalTeaching and Teacher Education
Early online date28 Jun 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014


  • inclusive pedagogy
  • inclusive practice
  • children's mathematics
  • cognitively guided instruction (CGI)

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