Developing a conceptual model for exploring emergence

D.M. McDonald, G.R.S. Weir

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

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Emergence is a fundamental property of complex systems and can be thought of as a new property or behaviour which appears due to non-linear interactions within the system; emergence may be considered to be the 'product' or by-product of the system. For example, within social systems, social capital, the World Wide Web, law and indeed civilization in general may be considered emergent, although all within different time scales. As our world becomes increasingly more interconnected, understanding how emergence arises and how to design for and manage specific types of emergence is ever more important. To date, the concept of emergence has been mainly used as an explanatory framework (as used by Johnson 2001), to inform the logic of action research (Mitleton-Kelly 2004) or as a means of exploring the range of emergent potential of simulation of real complex systems (Axelrod 2003). If we are to improve our ability to manage and control emergence, we need first to directly study the phenomenon of emergence, its causes and consequences across real complex systems.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2006
EventInternational Conference on Complex Systems - Boston, United States
Duration: 25 Jun 200630 Jun 2006


ConferenceInternational Conference on Complex Systems
Abbreviated titleICCS 2006
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • emergence
  • emergent systems
  • systems development
  • computer systems


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