Determining the impact of VAWT farm configurations on power output

Andrew Barnes, Ben Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


The potential for significant increases in VAWT farm performance compared to isolated turbines is well documented and could potentially allow VAWTs to compete in the Wind Energy market. In order to determine the most effective layout based upon both average turbine efficiency and efficient use of area, different configurations which have been shown to offer improved performance such as the 'School of Fish' design alongside new derivative and hybrid designs are compared and optimised using 2D URANS (Unsteady Reynold's Averaged Navier Stokes) CFD simulations. The results show that on a farm scale, the optimised staggered configuration provides the highest array power coefficient for a single wind direction, with a farm design proposed in order to achieve maximum efficiency and results showing increases in array power of up to 80%. Fluid flow mechanisms which cause this improvement are also identified.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1111-1120
Number of pages10
JournalRenewable Energy
Early online date22 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2019


  • vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT)
  • 2D CFD
  • wind farm
  • power coefficient


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