Determination of uranium concentration and isotopic composition by means of ICP-MS in sequential extracts of sediment from the vicinity of a uranium enrichment plant

Susan E. Howe, Christine M. Davidson, Martin McCartney

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Abstract

A method has been developed for the determination of the U-238/U-235 isotope abundance ratio in sequential extracts of freshwater sediment by means of ICP-MS. Instrument parameters were optimised, and sample pre-treatment procedures developed, to improve the quantification of U-235. Extracts prepared according to the three-stage BCR sequential extraction protocol were passed through a 2 cm column of anion exchange resin (BioRad AG1-X8), and uranium eluted with 8 mol l(-1) HNO3 prior to analysis. The precision obtained for measurement of the U-238/U-235 ratio in solutions containing 20 ng ml(-1) U-238 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) U-235 was 0.18%. Analysis of stream sediments from the vicinity of a nuclear fuel enrichment plant revealed an enhancement in uranium levels (up to 27 mug g(-1) dry weight) which decreased with distance from the effluent discharge point. The U-238/U-235 ratios measured in sequential extracts of the stream sediments were significantly less than 100 (cf. the natural value of 137.9), confirming that Rivacre Brook is contaminated with U-235-enriched uranium. Results of the sequential extraction also suggested that uranium is discharged from the plant in, or rapidly converted to, a relatively refractory form.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-501
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2002

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Uranium
Sediments
Chemical analysis
Anion Exchange Resins
Nuclear fuels
Isotopes
Refractory materials
Effluents

Keywords

  • spectrometry
  • plasmas
  • airborne uranium
  • metals
  • speciation
  • soil

Cite this

@article{690805f1d0e24ec8bb035201a80da44a,
title = "Determination of uranium concentration and isotopic composition by means of ICP-MS in sequential extracts of sediment from the vicinity of a uranium enrichment plant",
abstract = "A method has been developed for the determination of the U-238/U-235 isotope abundance ratio in sequential extracts of freshwater sediment by means of ICP-MS. Instrument parameters were optimised, and sample pre-treatment procedures developed, to improve the quantification of U-235. Extracts prepared according to the three-stage BCR sequential extraction protocol were passed through a 2 cm column of anion exchange resin (BioRad AG1-X8), and uranium eluted with 8 mol l(-1) HNO3 prior to analysis. The precision obtained for measurement of the U-238/U-235 ratio in solutions containing 20 ng ml(-1) U-238 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) U-235 was 0.18{\%}. Analysis of stream sediments from the vicinity of a nuclear fuel enrichment plant revealed an enhancement in uranium levels (up to 27 mug g(-1) dry weight) which decreased with distance from the effluent discharge point. The U-238/U-235 ratios measured in sequential extracts of the stream sediments were significantly less than 100 (cf. the natural value of 137.9), confirming that Rivacre Brook is contaminated with U-235-enriched uranium. Results of the sequential extraction also suggested that uranium is discharged from the plant in, or rapidly converted to, a relatively refractory form.",
keywords = "spectrometry, plasmas, airborne uranium, metals, speciation, soil",
author = "Howe, {Susan E.} and Davidson, {Christine M.} and Martin McCartney",
year = "2002",
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doi = "10.1039/b200270c",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "497--501",
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AU - Davidson, Christine M.

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N2 - A method has been developed for the determination of the U-238/U-235 isotope abundance ratio in sequential extracts of freshwater sediment by means of ICP-MS. Instrument parameters were optimised, and sample pre-treatment procedures developed, to improve the quantification of U-235. Extracts prepared according to the three-stage BCR sequential extraction protocol were passed through a 2 cm column of anion exchange resin (BioRad AG1-X8), and uranium eluted with 8 mol l(-1) HNO3 prior to analysis. The precision obtained for measurement of the U-238/U-235 ratio in solutions containing 20 ng ml(-1) U-238 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) U-235 was 0.18%. Analysis of stream sediments from the vicinity of a nuclear fuel enrichment plant revealed an enhancement in uranium levels (up to 27 mug g(-1) dry weight) which decreased with distance from the effluent discharge point. The U-238/U-235 ratios measured in sequential extracts of the stream sediments were significantly less than 100 (cf. the natural value of 137.9), confirming that Rivacre Brook is contaminated with U-235-enriched uranium. Results of the sequential extraction also suggested that uranium is discharged from the plant in, or rapidly converted to, a relatively refractory form.

AB - A method has been developed for the determination of the U-238/U-235 isotope abundance ratio in sequential extracts of freshwater sediment by means of ICP-MS. Instrument parameters were optimised, and sample pre-treatment procedures developed, to improve the quantification of U-235. Extracts prepared according to the three-stage BCR sequential extraction protocol were passed through a 2 cm column of anion exchange resin (BioRad AG1-X8), and uranium eluted with 8 mol l(-1) HNO3 prior to analysis. The precision obtained for measurement of the U-238/U-235 ratio in solutions containing 20 ng ml(-1) U-238 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) U-235 was 0.18%. Analysis of stream sediments from the vicinity of a nuclear fuel enrichment plant revealed an enhancement in uranium levels (up to 27 mug g(-1) dry weight) which decreased with distance from the effluent discharge point. The U-238/U-235 ratios measured in sequential extracts of the stream sediments were significantly less than 100 (cf. the natural value of 137.9), confirming that Rivacre Brook is contaminated with U-235-enriched uranium. Results of the sequential extraction also suggested that uranium is discharged from the plant in, or rapidly converted to, a relatively refractory form.

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KW - airborne uranium

KW - metals

KW - speciation

KW - soil

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