In practice, dynamic positioning (DP) vessels are subjected to complex disturbances as well as the magnitude and changing rate constraints of the thrusts and moments. This study applied a dynamic surface controller based on an uncertainty and disturbance estimator (UDE) to a DP vessel with complex disturbances and input constraints. The UDE was designed to estimate and handle the complex disturbances. An auxiliary dynamic system (ADS) and smooth switching function were employed to compensate for the input constraints and avoid the singularity phenomenon caused by the ADS, respectively. The combination of the UDE method and dynamic surface control (DSC) technology significantly simplified the design process for the control law and increased the practicability for DP vessels. The stability of the proposed control law was proved using the Lyapunov theory. The effectiveness of the control law and possibility of actually applying it to a DP vessel were verified using simulation experiments.
- uncertainty and distrubance estimator
- imput consraints
- dynamic positioning of vessels
- dynamic surface controller