Design and validation of a wide area monitoring and control system for fast frequency response

Qiteng Hong, Mazaher Karimi, Mingyu Sun, Seán Norris, Oleg Bagleybter, Douglas Wilson, Ibrahim Abdulhadi, Vladimir Terzija, Ben Marshall, Campbell Booth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper presents the design and validation of a Wide Area Monitoring and Control (WAMC) system for Fast Frequency Response (FFR) to address the challenges associated with reduced and non-uniformly distributed inertia in power systems. The WAMC system, designed for the power system in Great Britain, is termed "Enhanced Frequency Control Capability (EFCC)". It uses real time measurements from Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) to monitor the system state in order to rapidly detect frequency disturbances and evaluate the magnitude of power imbalances. The impact of the disturbances on different parts of the network is considered to subsequently allocate the required response for different regions of the network, all within less than one second from the initiating event. The capabilities and characteristics of different resources (e.g. wind, energy storage, demand, etc.) are also evaluated and taken into account to achieve a suitable, optimized and coordinated response. Case studies using highly realistic hardware-in-the-loop setups are presented and these demonstrate that the proposed system is capable of detecting frequency events and deploying appropriate and coordinated responses in a timely fashion even with degraded communication conditions, thereby effectively enhancing the frequency control in future low-inertia systems and permitting higher penetrations of low-carbon and low-inertia energy sources.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8949561
Pages (from-to)3394-3404
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • frequency control
  • low inertia
  • PMU
  • wide-area monitoring and control

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  • Projects

    Hybrid Wind Power Plants

    Hong, Q. & Nedd, M.

    1/03/1831/05/18

    Project: Knowledge Exchange (Services/Consultancy)

    Research Output

    • 1 Citations
    • 5 Paper
    • 2 Article

    Application of wide-area and monitoring and control techniques for fast frequency control in power systems with low inertia

    Hong, Q., Norris, S., Sun, M., Bagleybter, O., Wilson, D., Marshall, B., Terzija, V. & Booth, C., 15 Jun 2020, (Accepted/In press). 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Open Access
    File
  • A new platform for validating real-time, large-scale WAMPAC systems

    Blair, S., Matheson, N., Munro, R. & Booth, C., 17 Jun 2019. 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Open Access
    File
  • Design of an open platform for real-time power grid monitoring

    Hong, Q., Blair, S., Williams, R., Booth, C., McFarlane, M., Eynon, R. & Matheson, N., 21 Oct 2019. 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Open Access
    File
  • Prizes

    Best Paper Award

    Hong, Qiteng (Recipient), Blair, Steven (Recipient), Rachael Eynon (Recipient), Nathan Matheson (Recipient), Max McFarlane (Recipient), Rhys Williams (Recipient) & Booth, Campbell (Recipient), 24 Oct 2019

    Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

  • Activities

    • 2 Invited talk
    • 1 Types of Public engagement and outreach - Media article or participation

    Interviewed by IEEE Spectrum Magazine

    Qiteng Hong (Interviewee)

    19 Sep 2019

    Activity: Other activity typesTypes of Public engagement and outreach - Media article or participation

    Frequency control challenges and potential solutions in low inertia systems

    Qiteng Hong (Invited speaker)

    5 Dec 20176 Dec 2017

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk

    Cite this