Design and implementation of a DSP based fuel cell / battery hybrid power source

B. Bouneb, A.J. Cruden, D.M. Grant, J.R. McDonald

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently there is considerable R&D activity in the field of fuel cell (FC) technology as an efficient and clean power source for both stationary and transport applications. This paper describes the development of a fuel cell/battery hybrid power source for a stationary domestic power application, details the control systems underpinning this system and describes some preliminary experimental results. The authors believe that the fuel cell/battery hybrid power system is the most cost-effective solution for domestic power applications. This recognizes that a typical domestic power profile can have a peak to average power ratio of between around 9-15, and hence a fuel cell only system would significantly over-rate the fuel cell to satisfy peak power and consequently suffer from poor utilisation. The hybrid system avoids this by using battery power to meet instantaneous peak power and the fuel cell as a base load / battery charging element. The objective of this paper is to consider the power electronic interface from a fuel cell as a low voltage DC source, to a higher voltage storage battery and possible DC load, i.e DC/DC booster, and ultimately a DC/AC inverter for utility connection. This paper will describe the system design and experimental results over a 7-hour test period using a DC load profile only, monitored by an LF 2407 digital signal processor (DSP).

Original languageEnglish
Pages408-413
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004
Event2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 31 Mar 2004 → …

Conference

Conference2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period31/03/04 → …

Fingerprint

Digital signal processors
Fuel cells
Charging (batteries)
Electric potential
Power electronics
Hybrid systems
Systems analysis
Control systems

Keywords

  • design
  • implementation
  • DSP-based
  • fuel cell
  • battery
  • hybrid power source
  • DC-DC power convertors
  • secondary cells
  • power supplies to apparatus
  • fuel cells
  • digital signal processing chips

Cite this

Bouneb, B., Cruden, A. J., Grant, D. M., & McDonald, J. R. (2004). Design and implementation of a DSP based fuel cell / battery hybrid power source. 408-413 . Paper presented at 2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives , Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Bouneb, B. ; Cruden, A.J. ; Grant, D.M. ; McDonald, J.R. / Design and implementation of a DSP based fuel cell / battery hybrid power source. Paper presented at 2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives , Edinburgh, United Kingdom.6 p.
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Bouneb, B, Cruden, AJ, Grant, DM & McDonald, JR 2004, 'Design and implementation of a DSP based fuel cell / battery hybrid power source' Paper presented at 2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives , Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 31/03/04, pp. 408-413 .

Design and implementation of a DSP based fuel cell / battery hybrid power source. / Bouneb, B.; Cruden, A.J.; Grant, D.M.; McDonald, J.R.

2004. 408-413 Paper presented at 2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives , Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

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PY - 2004/3

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N2 - Currently there is considerable R&D activity in the field of fuel cell (FC) technology as an efficient and clean power source for both stationary and transport applications. This paper describes the development of a fuel cell/battery hybrid power source for a stationary domestic power application, details the control systems underpinning this system and describes some preliminary experimental results. The authors believe that the fuel cell/battery hybrid power system is the most cost-effective solution for domestic power applications. This recognizes that a typical domestic power profile can have a peak to average power ratio of between around 9-15, and hence a fuel cell only system would significantly over-rate the fuel cell to satisfy peak power and consequently suffer from poor utilisation. The hybrid system avoids this by using battery power to meet instantaneous peak power and the fuel cell as a base load / battery charging element. The objective of this paper is to consider the power electronic interface from a fuel cell as a low voltage DC source, to a higher voltage storage battery and possible DC load, i.e DC/DC booster, and ultimately a DC/AC inverter for utility connection. This paper will describe the system design and experimental results over a 7-hour test period using a DC load profile only, monitored by an LF 2407 digital signal processor (DSP).

AB - Currently there is considerable R&D activity in the field of fuel cell (FC) technology as an efficient and clean power source for both stationary and transport applications. This paper describes the development of a fuel cell/battery hybrid power source for a stationary domestic power application, details the control systems underpinning this system and describes some preliminary experimental results. The authors believe that the fuel cell/battery hybrid power system is the most cost-effective solution for domestic power applications. This recognizes that a typical domestic power profile can have a peak to average power ratio of between around 9-15, and hence a fuel cell only system would significantly over-rate the fuel cell to satisfy peak power and consequently suffer from poor utilisation. The hybrid system avoids this by using battery power to meet instantaneous peak power and the fuel cell as a base load / battery charging element. The objective of this paper is to consider the power electronic interface from a fuel cell as a low voltage DC source, to a higher voltage storage battery and possible DC load, i.e DC/DC booster, and ultimately a DC/AC inverter for utility connection. This paper will describe the system design and experimental results over a 7-hour test period using a DC load profile only, monitored by an LF 2407 digital signal processor (DSP).

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KW - implementation

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KW - battery

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KW - DC-DC power convertors

KW - secondary cells

KW - power supplies to apparatus

KW - fuel cells

KW - digital signal processing chips

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Bouneb B, Cruden AJ, Grant DM, McDonald JR. Design and implementation of a DSP based fuel cell / battery hybrid power source. 2004. Paper presented at 2nd IEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives , Edinburgh, United Kingdom.