Design and evaluation of operational scheduling approaches for HCNG penetrated integrated energy system

Suyang Zhou, Di He, Wei Gu, Zhi Wu, Ghulam Abbass, Qiteng Hong, Campbell Booth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


This paper proposes and assesses three different control approaches for the hydrocarbon natural gas (HCNG) penetrated integrated energy system (IES). The three control approaches adopt mixed integer linear programing, conditional value at risk (CVaR), and robust optimization (RO), respectively, aiming to mitigate the renewable generation uncertainties. By comparing the performance and efficiency, the most appropriate control approach for the HCNG penetrated IES is identified. The numerical analysis is conducted to evaluate the three control approaches in different scenarios, where the uncertainty level of renewable energy (within the HCNG penetrated IES) varies. The numerical results show that the CVaR-based approach outperforms the other two approaches when renewable uncertainty is high (approximately 30%). In terms of the cost to satisfy the energy demand, the operational cost of the CVaR-based method is 8.29% lower than the RO one, while the RO-based approach has a better performance when the renewable uncertainty is medium (approximately 5%) and it is operational is 0.62% lower than that of the CVaR model. In both evaluation cases, mixed integer linear programing approach cannot meet the energy demand. This paper also compares the operational performance of the IES with and without HCNG. It is shown that the IES with HCNG can significantly improve the capability to accommodate renewable energy with low upgrading cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87792-87807
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2019


  • energy management
  • hydrogen storage
  • optimization methods
  • wind energy
  • solar power generation
  • natural gas

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