Deprotonative metalation using ate compounds: synergy, synthesis, and structure building

R.E. Mulvey, F. Mongin, M. Uchiyama, Y. Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

424 Citations (Scopus)


Historically, single-metal organometallic species such as organolithium compounds have been the reagents ofch oice in synthetic organic chemistry for performing deprotonation reactions. Over the past few years, a complementary new class of metalating agents has started to emerge. Owing to a variable central metal (magnesium, zinc, or aluminum), variable ligands (both in their nature and number), and a variable second metallic center (an alkali metal such as lithium or sodium), 'ate' complexes are highly versatile bases that exhibit a synergic chemistry which cannot be replicated by the homometallic magnesium, zinc, or aluminum compounds on their own. Deprotonation accomplished by using these organometallic ate complexes has opened up new perspectives in organic chemistry with unprecedented reactivities and sometimes unusual and unpredictable regioselectivities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3802-3824
Number of pages22
JournalAngewandte Chemie
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2007


  • ate complexes
  • dimetallic complexes
  • inverse crown compounds
  • metalation
  • synthetic methods


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