Defending sovereignty without collaboration

Vichy and the Italian fascist threats of 1940-42

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article explores how Vichy sought to defend French sovereignty against Italian threats across the unoccupied areas of France and its colonial empire covered by the Italian armistice between June 1940 and November 1942. It suggests that while Vichy’s response to German violations of French sovereignty was limited by its policy of collaboration, no such constraints were in place when it came to Italian interventions. Despite this, however, the defence of French sovereignty against Italian threats was not a straightforward story of defiance. Opposing Italian actions in one policy domain in one territory had to be weighed against the potential repercussions in another policy domain in another territory. It also had to be calibrated with the implications for French relations with Berlin. The Italian dimension to Vichy’s actions therefore suggests that it was not so much defending sovereignty that was a negotiating liability as the lure of collaboration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-443
Number of pages22
JournalFrench History
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Threat
Vichy
Sovereignty
Defiance
Liability
France
Violations
Colonial Empire
Armistice

Keywords

  • sovereignty
  • Vichy France
  • fascism
  • WW2
  • Fascist Italy

Cite this

@article{52f983457a964efbb9d31b6f2f39d85d,
title = "Defending sovereignty without collaboration: Vichy and the Italian fascist threats of 1940-42",
abstract = "This article explores how Vichy sought to defend French sovereignty against Italian threats across the unoccupied areas of France and its colonial empire covered by the Italian armistice between June 1940 and November 1942. It suggests that while Vichy’s response to German violations of French sovereignty was limited by its policy of collaboration, no such constraints were in place when it came to Italian interventions. Despite this, however, the defence of French sovereignty against Italian threats was not a straightforward story of defiance. Opposing Italian actions in one policy domain in one territory had to be weighed against the potential repercussions in another policy domain in another territory. It also had to be calibrated with the implications for French relations with Berlin. The Italian dimension to Vichy’s actions therefore suggests that it was not so much defending sovereignty that was a negotiating liability as the lure of collaboration.",
keywords = "sovereignty, Vichy France, fascism, WW2, Fascist Italy",
author = "Karine Varley",
note = "Article published 30 November 2019 but assigned to September 2019 issue of French History.",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1093/fh/crz064",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "422--443",
journal = "French History",
issn = "0269-1191",
number = "3",

}

Defending sovereignty without collaboration : Vichy and the Italian fascist threats of 1940-42. / Varley, Karine.

In: French History, Vol. 33, No. 3, 30.11.2019, p. 422-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Defending sovereignty without collaboration

T2 - Vichy and the Italian fascist threats of 1940-42

AU - Varley, Karine

N1 - Article published 30 November 2019 but assigned to September 2019 issue of French History.

PY - 2019/11/30

Y1 - 2019/11/30

N2 - This article explores how Vichy sought to defend French sovereignty against Italian threats across the unoccupied areas of France and its colonial empire covered by the Italian armistice between June 1940 and November 1942. It suggests that while Vichy’s response to German violations of French sovereignty was limited by its policy of collaboration, no such constraints were in place when it came to Italian interventions. Despite this, however, the defence of French sovereignty against Italian threats was not a straightforward story of defiance. Opposing Italian actions in one policy domain in one territory had to be weighed against the potential repercussions in another policy domain in another territory. It also had to be calibrated with the implications for French relations with Berlin. The Italian dimension to Vichy’s actions therefore suggests that it was not so much defending sovereignty that was a negotiating liability as the lure of collaboration.

AB - This article explores how Vichy sought to defend French sovereignty against Italian threats across the unoccupied areas of France and its colonial empire covered by the Italian armistice between June 1940 and November 1942. It suggests that while Vichy’s response to German violations of French sovereignty was limited by its policy of collaboration, no such constraints were in place when it came to Italian interventions. Despite this, however, the defence of French sovereignty against Italian threats was not a straightforward story of defiance. Opposing Italian actions in one policy domain in one territory had to be weighed against the potential repercussions in another policy domain in another territory. It also had to be calibrated with the implications for French relations with Berlin. The Italian dimension to Vichy’s actions therefore suggests that it was not so much defending sovereignty that was a negotiating liability as the lure of collaboration.

KW - sovereignty

KW - Vichy France

KW - fascism

KW - WW2

KW - Fascist Italy

UR - https://academic.oup.com/fh/issue

U2 - 10.1093/fh/crz064

DO - 10.1093/fh/crz064

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 422

EP - 443

JO - French History

JF - French History

SN - 0269-1191

IS - 3

ER -