Decision making challenges of sustainable groundwater strategy under multi-events pressure in arid environment: the Diyala River Basin in Iraq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A robust decision making tool is needed to meet sustainability challenges and to manage water resources that are under development pressure, water scarcity and climate change impact. To tackle such challenges, optimization modelling can be employed to explore regional sustainable management scenarios of groundwater exploitation. Multi-objective management modelling of various alternatives was developed for the Diyala River Basin in Iraq using Borg MOEA and -DSEA algorithms. In almost all modelled cases, the upper aquifer storage is predicted to be depleted after forty years due to large water demands and regional recharge scarcity. Hence, there is a need to develop a strategy to reduce water stresses by 45% to achieve sustainability within the next 25 years. Optimization modelling successfully generated future predictions that can be used by decision makers to manage the predicted groundwater shortages in the future.
LanguageEnglish
Article number2160
Number of pages19
JournalWater
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Iraq
dry environmental conditions
Groundwater
arid environment
Rivers
Catchments
decision making
Decision Making
groundwater
river basin
Decision making
river
Pressure
water
Water
event
Sustainable development
sustainability
modeling
Water Resources

Keywords

  • decision making tool
  • optimization algorithms
  • sustainable management
  • groundwater exploitation
  • arid-environment
  • regional development plan

Cite this

@article{1490b61c4b5b449181b078197c7f0607,
title = "Decision making challenges of sustainable groundwater strategy under multi-events pressure in arid environment: the Diyala River Basin in Iraq",
abstract = "A robust decision making tool is needed to meet sustainability challenges and to manage water resources that are under development pressure, water scarcity and climate change impact. To tackle such challenges, optimization modelling can be employed to explore regional sustainable management scenarios of groundwater exploitation. Multi-objective management modelling of various alternatives was developed for the Diyala River Basin in Iraq using Borg MOEA and -DSEA algorithms. In almost all modelled cases, the upper aquifer storage is predicted to be depleted after forty years due to large water demands and regional recharge scarcity. Hence, there is a need to develop a strategy to reduce water stresses by 45{\%} to achieve sustainability within the next 25 years. Optimization modelling successfully generated future predictions that can be used by decision makers to manage the predicted groundwater shortages in the future.",
keywords = "decision making tool, optimization algorithms, sustainable management, groundwater exploitation, arid-environment, regional development plan",
author = "Al-Jawad, {Jafar Y.} and Al-Jawad, {Sadik B.} and Kalin, {Robert M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "18",
doi = "10.3390/w11102160",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decision making challenges of sustainable groundwater strategy under multi-events pressure in arid environment

T2 - the Diyala River Basin in Iraq

AU - Al-Jawad, Jafar Y.

AU - Al-Jawad, Sadik B.

AU - Kalin, Robert M.

PY - 2019/10/18

Y1 - 2019/10/18

N2 - A robust decision making tool is needed to meet sustainability challenges and to manage water resources that are under development pressure, water scarcity and climate change impact. To tackle such challenges, optimization modelling can be employed to explore regional sustainable management scenarios of groundwater exploitation. Multi-objective management modelling of various alternatives was developed for the Diyala River Basin in Iraq using Borg MOEA and -DSEA algorithms. In almost all modelled cases, the upper aquifer storage is predicted to be depleted after forty years due to large water demands and regional recharge scarcity. Hence, there is a need to develop a strategy to reduce water stresses by 45% to achieve sustainability within the next 25 years. Optimization modelling successfully generated future predictions that can be used by decision makers to manage the predicted groundwater shortages in the future.

AB - A robust decision making tool is needed to meet sustainability challenges and to manage water resources that are under development pressure, water scarcity and climate change impact. To tackle such challenges, optimization modelling can be employed to explore regional sustainable management scenarios of groundwater exploitation. Multi-objective management modelling of various alternatives was developed for the Diyala River Basin in Iraq using Borg MOEA and -DSEA algorithms. In almost all modelled cases, the upper aquifer storage is predicted to be depleted after forty years due to large water demands and regional recharge scarcity. Hence, there is a need to develop a strategy to reduce water stresses by 45% to achieve sustainability within the next 25 years. Optimization modelling successfully generated future predictions that can be used by decision makers to manage the predicted groundwater shortages in the future.

KW - decision making tool

KW - optimization algorithms

KW - sustainable management

KW - groundwater exploitation

KW - arid-environment

KW - regional development plan

U2 - 10.3390/w11102160

DO - 10.3390/w11102160

M3 - Article

VL - 11

IS - 10

M1 - 2160

ER -