DC line to line short-circuit fault management in a turbo-electric aircraft propulsion system using superconducting devices

Sriharsha Venuturumilli, Frederick Berg, Lucien Prisse, Min Zhang, Weijia Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Electric aircraft has already become a reality, with demonstration flights at power ratings of less than 1 MVA. Conventional machines and distribution technologies suffer from poor power densities when scaling to large power demands, leading to significant challenges in applying this technology from small (<10-seater) to large (>100-seater) planes. Superconducting devices could be an enabler for electric aviation due to their great potential for high efficiency and low weight. However, while the development of the superconducting components presents a significant challenge, the safe and effective combination of such components into a propulsion system also requires a significant area of research. For this purpose, a signal-based MATLAB-Simscape model for a dc network architecture in a turbo-electric aircraft has been established and the highly nonlinear models for the superconducting devices have been developed and integrated. This network model has been used to understand the fault current magnitude and rise time, as well as the stability behavior of the system utilizing the realistic electro-thermal models of superconducting devices in it. The derived network was investigated for a bus bar short circuit fault using both superconducting fault current limiter and fault current limiting high temperature superconducting (FCL HTS) cable. Based on the network characteristics, a fault tolerant dc network design was achieved by utilizing the FCL HTS cables. Similarly, the operation limits of the protection devices have been reduced greatly using superconducting components.

LanguageEnglish
Article number8681419
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume29
Issue number5
Early online date4 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

fly by wire control
Aircraft propulsion
Superconducting devices
superconducting devices
Electric propulsion
short circuits
propulsion
Short circuit currents
Electric fault currents
direct current
Superconducting cables
Aircraft
cables
Superconducting fault current limiters
Network architecture
low weight
Aviation
Propulsion
MATLAB
ratings

Keywords

  • aircraft propulsion
  • fault tolerance
  • HTS cables
  • power system faults
  • short circuit currents
  • system engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Electric aircraft has already become a reality, with demonstration flights at power ratings of less than 1 MVA. Conventional machines and distribution technologies suffer from poor power densities when scaling to large power demands, leading to significant challenges in applying this technology from small (<10-seater) to large (>100-seater) planes. Superconducting devices could be an enabler for electric aviation due to their great potential for high efficiency and low weight. However, while the development of the superconducting components presents a significant challenge, the safe and effective combination of such components into a propulsion system also requires a significant area of research. For this purpose, a signal-based MATLAB-Simscape model for a dc network architecture in a turbo-electric aircraft has been established and the highly nonlinear models for the superconducting devices have been developed and integrated. This network model has been used to understand the fault current magnitude and rise time, as well as the stability behavior of the system utilizing the realistic electro-thermal models of superconducting devices in it. The derived network was investigated for a bus bar short circuit fault using both superconducting fault current limiter and fault current limiting high temperature superconducting (FCL HTS) cable. Based on the network characteristics, a fault tolerant dc network design was achieved by utilizing the FCL HTS cables. Similarly, the operation limits of the protection devices have been reduced greatly using superconducting components.",
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DC line to line short-circuit fault management in a turbo-electric aircraft propulsion system using superconducting devices. / Venuturumilli, Sriharsha; Berg, Frederick; Prisse, Lucien; Zhang, Min; Yuan, Weijia.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 29, No. 5, 8681419, 04.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N1 - © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

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