DC fault detection and location in meshed multi-terminal HVDC systems based on DC reactor voltage change rate

Rui Li, Lie Xu, Liangzhong Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The change rate of the DC reactor voltage with predefined protection voltage thresholds is proposed to provide fast and accurate DC fault detection in a meshed multi-terminal HVDC system. This is equivalent to the measurement of the second derivative of the DC current but has better robustness in terms of EMI noise immunization. In addition to fast DC fault detection, the proposed scheme can also accurately discriminate the faulty branch from the healthy ones in a meshed DC network by considering the voltage polarities and amplitudes of the two DC reactors connected to the same converter DC terminal. Fast fault detection leads to lower fault current stresses on DC circuit breakers and converter equipment. The proposed method requires no telecommunication, is independent of power flow direction, and is robust to fault resistance variation. Simulation of a meshed three-terminal HVDC system demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed DC fault detection scheme.
LanguageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Early online date12 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jul 2016

Fingerprint

Electric fault location
Fault detection
Electric potential
Immunization
Electric fault currents
Electric circuit breakers
Threshold voltage
Telecommunication
Derivatives

Keywords

  • DC fault protection
  • DC reactor voltage change rate
  • fault detection
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC)
  • meshed multi-terminal HVDC system

Cite this

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title = "DC fault detection and location in meshed multi-terminal HVDC systems based on DC reactor voltage change rate",
abstract = "The change rate of the DC reactor voltage with predefined protection voltage thresholds is proposed to provide fast and accurate DC fault detection in a meshed multi-terminal HVDC system. This is equivalent to the measurement of the second derivative of the DC current but has better robustness in terms of EMI noise immunization. In addition to fast DC fault detection, the proposed scheme can also accurately discriminate the faulty branch from the healthy ones in a meshed DC network by considering the voltage polarities and amplitudes of the two DC reactors connected to the same converter DC terminal. Fast fault detection leads to lower fault current stresses on DC circuit breakers and converter equipment. The proposed method requires no telecommunication, is independent of power flow direction, and is robust to fault resistance variation. Simulation of a meshed three-terminal HVDC system demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed DC fault detection scheme.",
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