DC-bias cancellation for phase shift controlled dual active bridge

Rafael Pena-Alzola, Laszlo Mathe, Marco Liserre, Frede Blaabjerg, Tamas Kerekes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dual active bridge topology allows bidirectional power flow and galvanic isolation for DC/DC energy conversion. These features have made it the possible backbone of the future smart transformer for distribution. The different voltage drops and commutation dead-times of the semiconductor switches result in DC-voltage at the transformer terminals. Even small DC-voltage components produce large DC-bias currents as they are only limited by the transformer resistances. The DC-bias degrades the transformer performance by increasing the losses. If the core saturates the resulting current pulses can damage the converter. A typical approach to avoid the DC-bias is placing a capacitor in series with the transformer. This capacitor suffers large current variations, reducing its reliability, and complicates the control. The dual active bridge usually handles the power flow by modifying the phase-shift of the converter square waveforms. In this paper the duty-cycle of the converter waveforms is controlled to cancel the current DC-bias in both transformer sides. A formula relating the reference power and phase-shift is provided for the case of varying duty-cycle waveforms. The implementation with constant sampling frequency and its limitations are explained.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society
Place of PublicationPiscataway, N.J.
PublisherIEEE
Pages596-600
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781479902248
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2013 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 10 Nov 201314 Nov 2013

Conference

Conference39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2013
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period10/11/1314/11/13

Fingerprint

Phase shift
Capacitors
Semiconductor switches
Bias currents
Electric commutation
Electric potential
Energy conversion
Topology
Sampling
Voltage drop

Keywords

  • circuit faults
  • bridge circuits
  • phase modulation

Cite this

Pena-Alzola, R., Mathe, L., Liserre, M., Blaabjerg, F., & Kerekes, T. (2013). DC-bias cancellation for phase shift controlled dual active bridge. In Proceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (pp. 596-600). [6699202] Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699202
Pena-Alzola, Rafael ; Mathe, Laszlo ; Liserre, Marco ; Blaabjerg, Frede ; Kerekes, Tamas. / DC-bias cancellation for phase shift controlled dual active bridge. Proceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE, 2013. pp. 596-600
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Pena-Alzola, R, Mathe, L, Liserre, M, Blaabjerg, F & Kerekes, T 2013, DC-bias cancellation for phase shift controlled dual active bridge. in Proceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society., 6699202, IEEE, Piscataway, N.J., pp. 596-600, 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2013, Vienna, Austria, 10/11/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699202

DC-bias cancellation for phase shift controlled dual active bridge. / Pena-Alzola, Rafael; Mathe, Laszlo; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede; Kerekes, Tamas.

Proceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE, 2013. p. 596-600 6699202.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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N2 - The dual active bridge topology allows bidirectional power flow and galvanic isolation for DC/DC energy conversion. These features have made it the possible backbone of the future smart transformer for distribution. The different voltage drops and commutation dead-times of the semiconductor switches result in DC-voltage at the transformer terminals. Even small DC-voltage components produce large DC-bias currents as they are only limited by the transformer resistances. The DC-bias degrades the transformer performance by increasing the losses. If the core saturates the resulting current pulses can damage the converter. A typical approach to avoid the DC-bias is placing a capacitor in series with the transformer. This capacitor suffers large current variations, reducing its reliability, and complicates the control. The dual active bridge usually handles the power flow by modifying the phase-shift of the converter square waveforms. In this paper the duty-cycle of the converter waveforms is controlled to cancel the current DC-bias in both transformer sides. A formula relating the reference power and phase-shift is provided for the case of varying duty-cycle waveforms. The implementation with constant sampling frequency and its limitations are explained.

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Pena-Alzola R, Mathe L, Liserre M, Blaabjerg F, Kerekes T. DC-bias cancellation for phase shift controlled dual active bridge. In Proceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE. 2013. p. 596-600. 6699202 https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699202