Daughters, dowries, deliveries: the effect of marital payments on fertility choices in India

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of the differential pecuniary costs of sons and daughters on fertility decisions. The focus is on dowries in India, which increase the economic returns to sons and decrease the returns to daughters. The paper exploits an exogenous shift in the cost of girls relative to boys arising from a revision in anti-dowry law, which is shown to have decreased dowry transfers markedly. The reform is found to have attenuated the widely documented positive association between daughters and their parents’ fertility. The effect is particularly pronounced for more autonomous women and for individuals living in areas characterised by strong preferences for sons
LanguageEnglish
Pages89-104
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Development Economics
Volume125
Early online date26 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2017

Fingerprint

fertility
India
cost
costs
parents
economics
reform
Law
effect
Fertility choice
Dowry
Payment
Fertility
Costs
decision
woman
Economic returns

Keywords

  • dowry
  • fertility
  • India
  • son preferences
  • pecuniary costs
  • dowries
  • gender biases
  • economic costs

Cite this

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title = "Daughters, dowries, deliveries: the effect of marital payments on fertility choices in India",
abstract = "This paper investigates the effect of the differential pecuniary costs of sons and daughters on fertility decisions. The focus is on dowries in India, which increase the economic returns to sons and decrease the returns to daughters. The paper exploits an exogenous shift in the cost of girls relative to boys arising from a revision in anti-dowry law, which is shown to have decreased dowry transfers markedly. The reform is found to have attenuated the widely documented positive association between daughters and their parents’ fertility. The effect is particularly pronounced for more autonomous women and for individuals living in areas characterised by strong preferences for sons",
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Daughters, dowries, deliveries : the effect of marital payments on fertility choices in India. / Alfano, Marco.

In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 125, 31.03.2017, p. 89-104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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